Arusha Times

2007

Book ID 952

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Valentine Marc Nkwame
Page Number: 471
Extract Date: 2 June 2007

After Hatari John Wayne now goes ‘Beyond the list’

The Duke’s family jets into Arusha to retrace the legend’s footsteps

By Valentine Marc Nkwame

"... Someday Pockets! Someday! I am gonna wring your neck.," fumed the soaked-to-the-skin, John Wayne, in one of the many animal-chasing scenes found in ‘Hatari,’ a movie in which, he was playing the leading role as Sean Mercer, the head animal trapper of Momella (Now Arusha National Park).

Pockets (Red Buttons), on the other hand, was that clown-funny, little driver, who had just dipped the nose of his rugged, speeding truck into a river, thus splashing Mercer (Wayne), who had strapped himself on the car’s hood, with muddy water. Pockets merely dismissed the ‘threats’ with a laugh, "Not today Bwana! Not today... !"

He used to be the ‘strong and silent’ type of a movie star, who became a role-model for other Action and Adventure film actors. Born on the 26th of May 1907 in Winterset, Iowa, USA John Wayne, was popularly known as ‘The Duke!’, a title which ‘Pockets’ comically translated into ‘Bwana’ (Swahili term for ‘Lord’) in Hatari.

Declared the ‘Greatest Male Star of all time,’ by the American Film Institute, The Oscar winning, John Wayne who died in June 1979 then aged 72 left behind hundreds of films in which he either played a lead role, co-starred or helped to produce. In Tanzania he is mostly remembered for his 1962 role in Hatari! Which was set in Arusha.

Now the legendary American film icon, is just about to take onto a new role. John Wayne, is soon ‘going out’ to ‘showcase’ Tanzania, through a soon to be screened, new Television feature to be known as ‘Beyond the list!’

The 30 minutes feature is being produced by the Los Angeles based, Bennett Productions of California. The works involved include 10 days of going round specific sites, with more than 40 hours of filming. The feature will cover, Arusha town, Arusha National Park, Momella Wildlife Lodge, Serengeti, Ngorongoro and Lake Manyara Parks. Parts of Dar-es-salaam City and Zanzibar island may also be thrown in.

But wait! Isn’t John Wayne dead? Oh! Yes, the legendary film star passed away in 1979, about 20 years after he came to Arusha to take the leading role (as Sean Mercer) in the classic Adventure and Comedy feature, ‘Hatari!’ a film which since its debut release in 1962, remained an all-time family favorite and still gets rave reviews in most on-line movie sites.

The Duke has eyes!

Now! If John Wayne died 28 years ago, how exactly then, is the prima donna expected to star in this new TV feature? Maybe Ian Woods can explain. This is the British producer in charge of ‘Beyond the list’ project and who together with two film crews, comprising six people, jetted into Arusha last week, ready for the shooting.

"The theme behind the TV feature is ‘Showcasing Tanzania through the eyes of John Wayne’s Family!" He explained. Right, because even if John Wayne had lived, he would have been 100 years old now, rather retired and too aged to face the cameras ... Star at the age of 100? ‘Not today Bwana! Certainly Not Today.’

However, that was the whole purpose of the family of the late John Wayne, to visit Arusha in the course of last week; They jetted here to pay a centennial homage to the Duke. That took place at the exact remote location (Momella), where John Wayne once stayed while filming Hatari.

So the riddle has been explained! It won’t be the duke himself who will be facing the lenses, but rather his family. Yes, it will be through the eyes of this celebrated family, that the LA based, Bennett Productions want to explain Tanzania to the world ... in 30 minutes sharp.

Only half-an-hour? Considering Hatari’s whooping 3 hours. Still, quite possible. I mean when taking into account the number of ‘eyes’ that the producers will be using in ‘seeing Tanzania!’ Patrick Wayne, the son of John Wayne and who is an accomplished actor himself, will provide the first pair of eyes.

There is also Patrick’s own son, the stout Michael Wayne. He is the grandson of the legendary Duke. Mike came along with his wife, Christine and several children. (He should not be confused with the other Michael Wayne, the Duke’s first born who however did not come to Arusha). Then again there is Melanie, Patrick’s daughter and John Wayne’s granddaughter ... ‘Beyond the list ‘seems to have adequate pairs of eyes.

Now! Let the cameras roll. And the cameras in question are those giant HD types. "We are shooting the movie clips in High Definition, " Said Woods. "This is in order to reproduce realistic theatrical effects." He added.

Now looks like History is about to repeat itself. It took decades before copies of Hatari came to Tanzania (they are still few to date). It may take twice as long for ‘Beyond the list’ to make scene here. If it ever will, because being a Television feature, chances are it may never be released commercially.

... Two jeeps raced side-by-side in Momella, trying to outrun a large rhino that the trappers wanted to exhaust before harnessing it with giant ropes. After a session of such a breathtaking race, the animal turned and charged at one of the open-roofed jeeps. The Rhino hit the Indian (Bruce Cabot), who was seated next to the driver, fracturing his femur.

Well! The ‘hunt’ had to be halted since the excessively bleeding Indian must be rushed to Mount Meru Hospital for treatment. Even in the 60s the Regional Health Center used to have a shortage of blood in its banks and the Indian needed transfusion before operation ... or something. Whatever the case, it was such a gory opening for Hatari!

Not so with ‘Beyond the list!’ "See these giraffes overlooking the Momella?" Said Casey Bennet, the Managing Director of Bennett Productions, pointing at a footage of the tall animals, feeding on shrubs near the lodge, at sundown. "This will be the opening scene in the feature film." He revealed. Mh! Rather tame, compared to the John Wayne’s intro.

Using his palm held, Image viewer, Bennett reveals more stunning footage of what is likely to be ‘an interesting documentary.’ Except it is not. "I won’t consider it a documentary, but an adventure feature," said Bennett. Anyway, he is quite a cheeky fellow, that Casey Bennett. Among the ‘collections’ on his portable image viewer, are pictures of ...eh... some beautiful ladies.

"Well I have also been taking pictures of Super-models, Miss World and Miss Universe Pageants." He revealed with a smirk. But he quickly remarks, "beauties can also ‘showcase’ a place. In fact for my next Tanzanian project, I plan to use super models to promote some of the countries’ attractions. To start with Mount Kilimanjaro, that will be next year."

However, the ‘beauty factor’ doesn’t have to wait for next year. ‘Beyond the list,’ features one such beauty personality. As it happens, Jenn Brown, a young attractive lady, is going to ‘present’ the whole show. That should be okay. But was there a beauty in Hatari? Oh! You bet. After all, the movie had some smooch romantic episodes as well.

Brandy (Michele Girardon), the beautiful daughter of a former hunter (according to Hatari storyline), finds herself the unwitting romantic pawn in what was to become a ‘love triangle,’ pitting two of the youthful hunters and later on, Pockets as well.

There was also Elsa Martinell the main Co-Star, who played, Anna Maria Dallas, the moody ‘photographer’ sent down from a Swiss Zoo, but who ...typically... ends up falling for the ‘unconcerned’ Duke. Before that however, she adopts two baby elephants that later chase her around Arusha town as she tried to escape. In fact, the closing scene for Hatari (Swahili term for ‘Danger’) is when the elephants climbs onto her bed and ... well... break it.

Casey Bennett may have seen other Wayne’s works, such as The Stagecoach, Rio Lobo, The Train Robbers, The Cowboys, The War Wagon, Hell fighters and The Undefeated! But before coming to Arusha, the director had never watched ‘Hatari!’ He watched it for the first time during the special ‘John Wayne Centennial’ reception, organized by the Tanzania Tourist Board at the Ngurdoto Mountain Lodge where the crew also stayed.

Never mind, but as the legend of John Wayne gets revived in Arusha, through the eyes of his offsprings and 45 years after Hatari was filmed here, one wonders when exactly will this vicinity ever get the honor of hosting any major film production again ... Probably; Not today Bwana!

Extract ID: 5399

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Samson Waigwa
Page Number: 471
Extract Date: 2 June 2007

Karatu, Longido reject hunters, Mbulu embraces them

‘They cheated Wananchi with countless promises’

Karatu district authorities have rejected a request by an Arab hunting firm from acquiring large tracts of land for hunting in Lake Eyasi basin after failing to meet conditions given to them.

Instead UAE Safaris from Abu Dhabi moved to neighbouring Mbulu district where it has been promised thousands of hectares of land for hunting, a move which has raised public outrage.

The Karatu district council chairman Lazaro T. Maasay said the councillors rejected the application because they were suspicious on the nature of hunting the firm intended to carry in the area.

According to him, UAE Safaris applied to the district council in 2005 to have Dumbechand, Matala and Laghangareri villages on the shores of the alkaline lake into their hunting bloc.

"We gave them conditions which they failed to fulfill. But instead of moving out, they went to the villages where they cheated the Wananchi with countless promises", he explained.

He said the firm, which moved to Karatu reportedly after their application for a hunting bloc in Longido district was turned down, did not specify if they intended to kill or harvest live animals.

Mr. Maasay, a councillor for the opposition Chadema party which has retained Karatu constituency since the first multi-party elections in 1995, cited other reasons why the Arab hunters were not granted a hunting bloc there.

He said one of the reasons they objected UAE Safaris to operate in Karatu was that the district authorities had no alternative place to resettle the people living in the villages earmarked as a hunting bloc.

"Most importantly we realised that the same area is occupied by the hunter-gatherer Hadzabe tribesmen who survive on hunting wild animals and fruit gathering" he told representatives of the marginalised communities living in the district.

The district council chairman added that the survival of the hunter-gatherer Hadzabe would be endangered if their land was leased to the Arab firm. He was speaking at a meeting in Karatu.

The firm later moved to neighbouring Mbulu district and is reported to have been promised 4,000 square kilometres of land at Yaeda Chini plains for hunting.

Recently residents in Mbulu, notably the Hadzabe hunter-gathers and nomadic pastoralists living in the area, called on the government to stop "the Arab investor" from taking their land.

The controversial deal is said to have divided the Mbulu district leadership with some opposing the leasing of the land to UAE Safaris and others openly blaming non-governmental organisations for "instigating" the villagers against the project.

Sources close to the district council told The Arusha Times over the weekend that leaders of at least six villages in Yaeda Chini area have signed Memoranda of Understanding with the hunting firm to allow it operate there.

The villages include Yaeda Chini itself, Mongo wa Mono and Eshkesh. The majority of people living in the villages are the hunter-gatherers and nomadic pastoralists.

A district official, speaking on condition of anonimyty, said UAE Safaris intended to enhance conservation of the semi-arid area by re-opening the wildlife corridor that links Lake Eyasi and Marang forests on the edge of Lake Manyara.

"This firm would not go into hunting immediately. It would enhance conservation so that the animal population can increase and at the same time involve Wananchi in fighting poachers" he said.

At least five game posts would be established, according to him. The firm, which has already set up a big camp in the area, has also promised to support Mbulu people in water, school and health projects.

But Mr. Maasay said by rejecting the offer by the Abu Dhabi-based hunting firm, Karatu district had avoided land crisis that would have pittied the Wananchi and the government.

He was speaking at a training seminar organised by TAPHGO, an Arusha-based NGO for pastoralists, hunterer-gatherers and other marginalised communities in the country.

The seminar brought together representatives of mainly the Datoga/Barbaig and Hadzabe tribes and local leaders from several wards and villages within the Lake Eyasi basin in Karatu and Mbulu districts.

A team of Arusha-based journalists which visited the area recently wondered if Yaeda Chini could ever be attractive to international hunting firms. The wild animal population has dwindled over the years.

Researchers and human rights organisations have often warned that the Hadzabe, one of the last surviving hunter-gatherer tribes in Tanzania,may become extinct in the next few years because of pressure on their dwindling traditional habitat.

A just-concluded study by Oxfam says the tiny tribe, whose population does not exceed 3,000, is threatened by dwindlig wild animal population which they depended for food.

They are scattered in the hills surrounding Lake Eyasi, hunting the wild animals and gathering wild fruits and tubers for their daily survival in a harsh environment often hit by severe droughts.

Five districts in four regions have Hadzabe people.These are Meatu in Shinyanga region, Iramba (Singida),Mbulu (Manyara) and Karatu and Ngorongoro in Arusha region.

Extract ID: 5400

external link

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Thomas Ratsim
Page Number: 472

Babati:Real destination for pop-culture tourism ~ ‘The loveliest that I had ever seen in Africa

According to Wikipedia encyclopedia, pop-culture tourism is defined as the act of traveling to locations featured in literature, film, music, or any other form of popular entertainment.

Babati District in Manyara region is prolific in crops and natural resources; the area has also much to offer in the reminiscences of literature, films and other leisure.

Babati District is taps benefits from the famous Tarangire National Park and the newly authorized Community-based, Burunge Wildlife Management. Since the mid of the twentieth century, Babati area emerged to be the destination for hunting tourists and had a magnificent reputation as such it attracted many tourists and dignitaries at that time.

David Read, who has lived in the northern part of Tanzania and also participated in the cattle culling exercise around Babati in those days, in his book, Beating About the Bush, Tales from Tanganyika published in 2000, wrote: “Babati was known in those days……. Several wealthy and, in some cases titled European men, out in Africa on hunting safaris, saw, tried and liked the area and its people and bought farms in the vicinity. They built good houses, laid out colourful gardens and spent the winter months there, sometimes bringing with them their girlfriends from Europe and sometimes befriending the local Wafiomi girls.”

The scenery and photography in the Out of Africa movie released in early 1986 are stunning and add to Pollack’s sense of time and place. The pictures covered biographies of both Karen and her Swedish husband, Baron Bror Blixen-Finecke, who was the model for the character Robert Wilson in Ernest Hemingway’s fictional The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber

Those who had watched the film, which covers Karen Blixen’s book, Out of Africa (1937), have dreamed of an African safari ever since, where Bror remained a fabulous character even today. The role of Bror von Blixen-Finecke was played by Austrian actor in the Oscar-winning film, (1985), which was based on Karen Blixen's memoir of the same name.

Baron Bror von Blixen-Finecke was a baron, writer, and African big-game hunter. For many years Blixen ran a firm of guides, and among his clients was Edward, Prince of Wales. "Hunting with Blix was a magnificent experience," said one client. "With his quiet, almost lyrical narrative of what happened around us he got nature to live” (quote taken from the biography of Blixen).

In January 1925 the divorce between Karen and Bror was pronounced and the latter resolved to settle in Babati, now Sigino Village.

In 1927 Bror established a hunting firm, Tanganyika Guides Limited.

In the same year, Bror organized a three-month hunting and filming for his first customer British Oil millionaire, Colonel to the Ngorongoro Crater, and later he acquired a piece of land in Babati and decided to establish the Singu Farm.

Colonel Cooper maintained friendships with several contemporary celebrities including Hemingway, David Niven and Baron von Blixen.

Jane Kendall Mason, who was model for the character of Margot Macomber in Hemingway’s fictional “The short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” was friend of Pauline and Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), had visited Babati.

Many readers still believe that characters of Macomber and Margot were based on Colonel and Mrs. Dick Cooper who lived in Laramie, Wyoming before and after the Word War II and were the author’s friends while Baron Blixen in the text was Robert Wilson, the white hunter.

Jane had introduced Ernest Hemingway to Cooper, and Cooper advised Ernest then, which guns were appropriate for latter’s planned hunting expedition in East Africa. While around Babati, Hemingway stayed at the Cooper’s residence in Babati, evidently the house of the absent friend which he mentioned in his book, Green Hills of Africa. Bror and Philip Percival were then among the hunting crew.

In his book, The Man Who Women Loved” published in 1987, Ulf Aschan renders Baron Bror Blixen as a celebrated character in East Africa: coffee planter, white hunter, trailblazer, explorer, and philanderer -- "a merry cheerful man who was always in a good mood." He also had inner steel: he doesn't shoot a charging elephant at ten feet, because he knows it's a mock charge.

"Bror was the toughest, most durable white hunter ever to snicker at the fanfare of safari or to shoot a charging buffalo between the eyes while debating whether his sundowner drink would be gin or whisky …The mold has been broken."

Judith Thurman, in her book Isak Dinesen – The Life of Story of a Storyteller, besides biography of Baronness Karen Blixen, she also recounts how Bror participated in His Royal Highness Prince of Wale’s hunting safari around Babati.

Besides her hard work in Babati, Cockie, second wife of Bror, operated the Fig Tree Club, built by Lord Lovelace for his friends and neighbours, „Fig Tree Club “, which was supported by an American friend. This club, which was overlooking Lake Babati, consisted however not only of a bar, but also had an restaurant, three small houses, a shop and a post office. The club also served as the social centre of the area.

In August 1932, when Cockie flew to England, due to her mother’s illness, the rally driver Eva Dickson, who was the first woman driver across the Sahara in a normal car, had to drive her own car all the way from Dar es Salaam to Babati, about 780 kilometres so as to become Blixen’s third wife.

In his narrative story book, Green Hills of Africa, published in 1935 by Scribner, the great American author Ernest Hemingway wrote: “We stopped in Babati at the little hotel overlooking the lake and bought some more Pan-Yan pickles and had some cold beer. Then we started south on the Cape to Cairo road……..’’

“From Babati we had driven through the hills to edge of a plain, wooded in a long stretch of glade beyond a small village where there was a mission station at the foot of a mountain. Here we had made a camp to hunt kudu which were supposed to be in the wooded hills and in the forest on the flats stretched out to the edge of the open plain.’’

Hemingway, the 1954 Nobel Laureate for his mastery of the the narrative art, mostly shown in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on writing, supposedly, when he mentions mission station, he was referring to the present Gallapo village, the name derived from camel’s foot trees (piliostigma thonningii), whichi are dorminant in the area stretched out to the current Tarangire National Park.

Prior to the publication of The Green Hills of Africa, Hemingway also sent the manuscript of his book to Bror, who later wrote his book, Nyama “(Kiswahili for: Meat)

Sir Christopher Ondaatje (knighted by the Queen 2003), who tracked Hemingway’s footsteps, in Chapter 3 of his book Hemingway in Africa, published in 1992, he wrote, “We were still headed for Babati and Hemingway’s green hills. It is in an area populated by the Mang’ati tribe. “There’s something you should know about the Mang’ati,“

Apparently, as there are various ethnic groups, a visit to the Babati area, would definitely provide insight culture of Tanzania. Due to the vast plains, the village for so long has been an agro-pastoral area, where several ethnic groups have settled, notably the Mbugwe, Tatoga, Gorowa and Iraqw.

The area is, in fact, linguistically and culturally diverse and complex. It is one of the places in the country where the three major African language families - Bantu, Nilotic, and Cushitic - occur together.

Driving further south of Babati, Hemingway in Green Hills of Africa, acclaimed, “Then the plain was behind us and ahead there were big trees and were entering a country, the loveliest that I had seen in Africa.”

However, in order to reap the rewards of tourism, the Babati District authorities have the obligation to identify and maintain an inventory of the respective memoirs for the literary interests as well as historical values.

Extract ID: 5853

external link

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Laura Tarimo
Page Number: 472a
Extract Date: 1896

How Germans gained control over Waarusha. After defeating them, Germans built a Boma as symbol of superiority

Adapted from A History of the Lutheran Church Diocese in the Arusha Region from 1904 to 1958 by Rev. Dr. Joseph W. Parsalaw. Dissertation: Erlangen University, Germany, February 1997.

Arusha’s history goes back a bit more than a hundred years when a captain of the German colonial Administration came up with the plan of constructing a fortification in territory that was then occupied by the Waarusha tribe..

The Captain was Kurt Johannes, and the reason he thought he needed a fortification was the fiery Waarusha warriors he encountered in the area. It was Captain Johannes who made these same warriors and their tribesmen build the Boma that would be the beginnings of a town.

Captain Johannes was never in very good terms with the Waarusha. From his station in Moshi, the Captain would make diplomatic attempts to visit influential chiefs in the Arusha territory. The visits would more often than not end in scrapes with the tribesmen, which would sometimes lead to serious attacks from both sides.

On the 19th of October 1896, the Captain while visiting Chief Matunda and other influential leaders within the Akeri area, was attacked by Waarusha warriors. The attack was an attempt to avenge the raid Captain Johannes and his troops had made earlier in 1895. Two missionaries, Ewald Ovir and Karl Segebrock who were accompanying the Captain were killed during the attack.

Captain Johannes however, survived, and he rushed back to Moshi to organize Chagga troops under Lt. Moritz Merker for a retaliatory attack on the Arusha. On the 31st of October, the troops struck at the Waarusha and defeated the proud warriors.

From this victory Captain Johannes gained control over the Waarusha and their territory. The Captain confiscated all the warriors’ traditional weapons and with the help of his troops, destroyed their houses and their food reserves.

Extract ID: 5902

external link

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Laura Tarimo
Page Number: 472b
Extract Date: 1899

How Germans gained control over Waarusha. After defeating them, Germans built a Boma as symbol of superiority

Adapted from A History of the Lutheran Church Diocese in the Arusha Region from 1904 to 1958 by Rev. Dr. Joseph W. Parsalaw. Dissertation: Erlangen University, Germany, February 1997.

But this was not enough, Captain Johannes wanted complete control. And three years later, in 1899, he was to get what he wanted. After receiving consent from his superiors in the German Administration, he began the construction of a fort that would symbolize German control over the territory.

With this development the Waarusha were to suffer their worst humiliation. They not only suffered the shame of watching the enemy’s fort being built in their territory, they were forced to participate in the actual construction of the Boma.

The once-fiery warriors used their swords to dig out limestone and their shields to carry it to the site. Younger women brought banana fibres for thatching. Older women pounded mud with their feet, while others fetched grass for the Captains donkeys.

And so the Waarusha toiled to construct the new building. And the toil was not easy, as one elder, Lonyuki Lekichawo described to H. A. Fosbrooke who quotes him in the 1955 publication of Tanzania Notes and Records:

"Seeing the trees being cut down around Arusha Boma reminds me of my youth. At that time, the whole township area was cultivated and covered with banana groves and huts, and the German Administration was centred round the place where the Clock now stands. The present Boma had only just been started and the walls were perhaps three feet high. In common with the rest of my age-set, I had been put on to this building job. At that time our fighting with the Germans was over: they did not attack us nor did we attack them.

"One day when we were at this work, six of us were called out and told to climb a very tall tree standing to the West of the Boma where the Police car park is. We were told to climb up with our axes and cut the branches from the upper part of the tree. We climbed up with the aid of a locally made rope such as is used for honey hunting. The Nubi askari pulled the rope away whilst we were up the three. Meanwhile others were cutting the trunk of the tree with a saw. These were people of some other tribe that had been brought in as labourers by the Germans. While we were still up the three, it started to fall. There was nothing we could do as the rope had been removed. We all came down with a crash. Of the six of us, three were killed on the spot and three of us escaped. Luckily we were no more than bruised and scratched."

But from the lost lives and from the toil and humiliation grew a Boma, and around the Boma grew Arusha town.

By 1900 the fort was completed and Captain Johannes used it to house a troops of 150 Nubian soldiers. Soon, the Imperial German Ensign was flying from the flagstaff and the fortification was henceforth used by the Germans for regional government offices until 1934.

Meanwhile, the town spread around the Boma. In 1906, the second modern construction, a residential building called the White House, was completed in Ilboru and a road was built to link the two sites.

Gradually, Indian traders, German farmers and traders, as well as immigrant Africans settled in the surrounding area. A market cropped up on the banks of Themi River and in 1914 construction of the first school. Boma school was started in the area where the present Arusha Town Lutheran Church stands. This was completed in 1924 and by then a hotel and several other buildings had been constructed in the vicinity.

The completion of the rail-road to Moshi in the early 1920s led to a further influx of immigrants and the town’s population has been increasing and the metropolitan area expanding ever since. By 1948 Arusha had a population of 5,300 people and in the 1970s it reached 100,000.

In a hundred years the village around the fort has grown into a busy Metropolitan area. Today Arusha Town boasts a population of more than 350,000 people and covers an area of 82.5 square kilometres. And it hasn’t stopped growing. Today Arusha opens its doors to myriads of newcomers just as it did in the time of the Boma’s glory.

Extract ID: 5903

external link

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Thomas Ratsim
Page Number: 474
Extract Date: 23 June 2007

US students complete Hemingway course in Tanzania

Twelve students from Colorado College, USA have completed a specially tailored course that involves tracing the steps of Great American author, Ernest Hemingway, in the Northern circuit of Tanzania.

In their course, the students read and discussed Hemingway's works such as " The Green Hills of Africa" and "Under Kilimanjaro," based on his two East African safaris of 1933 to 1934 and 1953 to 1954, respectively.

The course, designed and taught by Professors Joseph Mbele of St. Olaf College in Minnesota and William Davis of the Colorado College, gave the students the opportunity to read Hemingway's works and other works in the actual venues where the author had traveled.

They visited the same towns, met the local people he mentioned in his "Green Hills of Africa" published in 1935, such as Maasai, Iraqw who helped for his porterage and Datooga, the tribe which he admired their tribal marks. The students also viewed the same wildlife and witnessed the land features that inspired America's greatest writer and also ate the same meals.

Besides classes, the students' field trips included visits to the the Rift Valley canyon (current Lake Manyara National Park), the famous Ngorongoro Crater, the Serengeti plains and Tarangire, where the author hunted. They also visited villages in the Babati and Longido Districts where the author passed or camped during his hunting expeditions. During their expedition they had the opportunity to view the extolled "Green Hills of Africa"on their way to the ancient Rock Painting in Kondoa District.

Ernest Miller Hemingway born on July 21,1899, an American novelist and short-story writer is one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century. He worked as a reporter for the Kansas City Star after graduating from high school in 1917. During World War I he served as an ambulance driver in France and in the Italian infantry and was wounded just before his 19th birthday. Later, while working in Paris as a correspondent for the Toronto Star, he became involved with the expatriate literary and artistic circle surrounding Gertrude Stein.

During the Spanish Civil War, Hemingway served as a correspondent on the loyalist side. He fought in World War II and then settled in Cuba in 1945. In 1954, Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. After his expulsion from Cuba by the Castro regime, he moved to Ketchum, Idaho. He was increasingly plagued by ill health and mental problems, and in July, 1961, he committed suicide by shooting himself.

Pictures of the trip can be viewed on the following site:

http://homepage.mac.com/wdavis8/PhotoAlbum1.html

Extract ID: 5401

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Hhawu B. A. Migire
Page Number: 475
Extract Date: 30 June 2007

I am grossly irritated by misnomers

Mailbag

May I send you my opinion of the "disease" of misnomers in what was formerly the Mbulu District and now split into current Hanang’, Babati, Mbulu and Karatu Districts.

I will limit myself to the misnomers and corrupted names of places in that area.

I would like to start with the names of those districts i.e. Mbulu is an improper name for that District and the name of its headquarters. The proper name is supposed to be Imboru. The indigenous s are my witnesses though unfortunately they have accepted the name for too long a time.

The proper name Imboru was corrupted by the German colonizers who mispronounced it Mbulu and recorded it as such.

Another misnomer is ‘Hanang’, also name of the District. Unfortunately, mispronounced and misspelt. The proper name derived from the Mountain within the district, which is /Anang’w (with special cushitic guttural sound /A). The /Anang’w District headquarters should be Qatesh and not Katesh

Another example is a Ward in the Imboru District misrepresented as Daudi, while it should be called Dawdi. These are only a few examples. There are plenty of other misnomers in the area.

I have talked to friends about my irritation on these misnomers. They argue it was too late to go back to the original names.

I still feel these names should be written and pronounced in their original and proper nature because even big cities and countries have change their names to their originalities. Take examples of Peking which has gone to its indigenous origin of Beijing. Bombay has gone back to their Indian name of Mumbai. Bechuanaland is now Botswana.

If such big places changed their originals after going with misnomers for long time, why not our places in the districts I have mentioned?

I therefore appeal for full support in this little campaign of changing our identities to their indigenous original names.

Secondly, I appeal to both local and central governments to agree to the proposal to use the proper names as I am suggesting.

Extract ID: 5403

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Thomas Q. Ratsim
Page Number: 476
Extract Date: 7 July 2007

More about misnomers

Mailbag

The letter by Hhawu Migire which appeared in the Arusha Times Issue of June 30 to July 6, this year cannot pass without my strong support.

The misnomers are not only infuriating in the ears of the indigenous people, but are also eluding the real depiction of the names. Amongst the misnomers is the Lake near the Mbulu Township, misnamed as Lake Tlawi. In Iraqw language the word lake is translated as tlawi. Therefore, to mention Lake Tlawi is unnecessary repetition of the same word without providing the real name of the lake. The actual name is Lake Kwa/anseri. So far, I do not know the reason why the name is being avoided.

Most of the names of the places have technical or geographical definitions. Although the misnomers have no negative connotations, if they are not properly pronounced, they may tarnish the identity of the place.

In this issue, I am thankful to the Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA) for recently changing the name of a stream in the Lake Manyara National Park from Ndala to Endalah. This has reverted to the original name which maintains the the Datooga prefix enda meaning river or stream.

Other examples of misnamed places in the Manyara Region with suggested original names in parenthesis are Bagayo (Baqjud) River, a river cascading into the Lake Manyara National Park through the Rift Valley escarpment. I trust TANAPA will also do something to change the names as they are the ones who are erroneously using them in their maps as well as in their signboards.

Other examples of misnomers in the category which are also ambiguous or are mistakenly pronounced, to mention a few are: Darakuta (Durukuta), Dongobesh (Dung’wabesh), Endamundo (Endamund), Magara (Magar) and Sigino (Sigin).

I hope the efforts will be made so that the names can be corrected so as to revert to the original names.

Extract ID: 5404

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Canute Temu
Page Number: 482
Extract Date: 18 Aug 2007

Mountain of God tremor destroys Heritage Building in Kilema

The recent earthquake whose epicenter was near Mt Oldonyo Lengai in Arusha had a devastating effect in the quiet ward of Kilema, Moshi rural district of Kilimanjaro Region.

The Old Heritage Building, built by Catholic Missionaries from the Alsace Lorraine between 1890 and 1895 was damaged extensively. The building which had been used as an educational centre since its inception suffered structural damage, necessitating it to be evacuated.

The structure was built by hand cut stones and mud and later painted with cement. The structure has neither steel columns nor beams which made it susceptible to cracks which appeared from top to bottom.

The over one hundred years old stone beams have given way and seem to be coming off the walls, which could lead to a collapse, come another tremor.

When this writer visited the structure he found a worried Ward Educational Officer in the empty building contemplating his next move. District officials have advised that the building be evacuated. Pupils will now use an alternative location awaiting the demolition of the old structure and construction of a new building in its place.

The pupils have consequently moved to an old dilapidated wooden and concrete structure, which is clearly in need of massive rehabilitation. Whether the parents will manage this on their own is an issue that needs attention while the authorities ponder how to assist in this calamity that happened a couple of hundred of kilometers from the earthquake epicenter which shook the Mountain of God (Oldonyo le Ngai) on 18 th July this year.

Already there are other moves to request UNESCO to declare the old structures in Kilema World Heritage Buildings, an adoption which could attract financial support for rehabilitation. The structures could still be saved if a swift decision is made, observed one villager.

Extract ID: 5441

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Richard Kipuyo
Page Number: 495
Extract Date: 17 Nov 2007

Conservationists take action to ensure Lake Manyara’s survival

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID), through the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), is funding an agro-forestry program in Karatu that will among other things ensure Lake Manyara and its environs survival.

The programme implemented by Karatu district under the banner Mazingira Bora Karatu (MBK) is aimed at reducing environmental degradation through tree planting and contour farming practices on the Karatu highlands.

It focuses on improving vegetation cover along river banks and encourages locals to plant trees as a sustainable source of fuel wood as well as beekeeping projects that will help improve their livelihoods.

The MBK program is facilitated by AWF under its five- year USAID-funded project launched two years ago entitled; "Investing in livelihoods through resource management in Manyara and Tarangire" or in short ILRAMAT.

The programme which is part of an overall national strategy objective of the USAID and Tanzania Government on natural resources management and economic growth by conserving bio-diversity through livelihoods driven approaches.

Beside the MBK programme, according to it’s officials, to-date ILRAMAT has spent over US Dollars 700,000 to address issues of conservation of wildlife corridors in Kwakuchinja area at the border of Monduli and Babati districts, as well as rangeland conservation in wildlife dispersal areas of Manyara ranch and Simanjiro plains.

Karatu hills lay on the upper escarpment where many rivers that drain into the Lake Manyara National Park pass through and unchecked soil erosion is threatening the existence of the lake and the park itself.

Lake Manyara which is the lifeline of Lake Manyara National Park has been experiencing occasional declining levels and potential threats of drying up. This has been attributed to siltation from soil erosion caused by poor farming practices on Karatu highlands.

Lake Manyara National Park receives over 140,000 tourists annually who inject into the park an income of over US Dollars 3 million annually.

On the community side, a lot of income generating activities around Mto-wa-Mbu and Karatu area also have a bearing on the existence of Lake Manyara National Park.. Many local residents have developed curio shops and tourist products that help them improve their livelihoods. The park commits about 10 per cent of its income to support small community initiative programs (SCIP) including construction of schools, water-systems, health centres and village offices.

Thus the agro-forestry program on the Karatu hills has multiple benefits including: improving the water retention and the soils on the highlands, reduction of soil erosion, improved agricultural productivity, beekeeping and also filtering water and reduce siltation of downward streams leading to Lake Manyara.

MBK has been working in the area for 10 years. Previous USAID assistance helped them to build capacity in terms of human resources to carry out agro-forestry tasks. This time around, the program aims to re-launch and rejuvenate the activities started 10 years ago and give momentum for an expansion of the program throughout Karatu highlands’ villages and popularize it among all the communities.

Extract ID: 5464

See also

Arusha Times, 2007
Extract Author: Thomas Ratsim
Page Number: 548
Extract Date: 13 Dec 2008

Karatu pioneer missionary dies in US

Pastor Elder Jackson, a former missionary with the Karatu Lutheran Church died at the age of 88 on Saturday, November 29, this year at the Benedictine Living Community in St. Peter, Minnesota, US.

A Memorial service was held on Friday, December 5 and was attended by former missionaries and friends. Burial was conducted in Resurrection Cemetery, St Peter.

Jackson was born on February 21, 1920 in Rosholt , South Dakota and attended West Central School of Agriculture before joining Augustana Seminary in Rock Island Illinois. He was ordained Lutheran Pastor in 1948. Jackson served as Pastor in Wheaton Minnesota for one year then became Missionary in Tanzania and Kenya for thirty six years.

The late Reverend Jackson served Lutheran Church in coffee Plantations at Oldeani before he moved to Karatu in 1954 after the Lutheran mission had acquired land from a South African family, Chris Hitchcock

He is most remembered in Karatu area for establishing primary schools in villages, then known as bush schools and building houses of worship. However, in 1959, They needed to move to Singida area to continue with their mission work because his wife Renee Jackson was allergic to Karatu’s volcanic dust.

He is survived by his wife, Renee, seven children, 18 grandchildren and 16 great-grandchildren.

Extract ID: 5904
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