Name ID 167
Farler, a geographer who interviewed traders returning to the coast. Reported that elephants were plentiful in the highlands above Manyara
Farler describes the Ngorongoro Crater as:
‘a thickly populated Masai district with many villages. The country is full of big game, harboured in the neighbouring forest. A strong boma is made here, and the caravan remains about twenty days to trade and hunt....
There are several wells here, with good water and much cattle. The country is very open, with a good pasturage of short sweet grass, and no trees.’
Fosbrooke, Henry Arusha Integrated Regional Development Plan
Page Number: 120
Extract Date: 1882
Paper IX: Early Maps of East Africa
This is the most detailed of the early Maps, being published in the Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society. New series 4.700 to accompany an article entitled "Native Routes in East Africa from Pangani to the Masai Country and the Victoria Nyanza" by the Ven J.P.Farler, Archdeacon of Kagila in Usambara.
Note how the caravan route splits into two, the northern one following the previously recorded track by Lengai and Lake Natron; the southern route is new passing through Ngorongoro, Olduvai (Nduvai) and Serengeti.
It is of extreme interest in it's evidence of the ecological setting. It shows clearly the limit of Maasai habitation, corresponding exactly to the present dividing line between the open plain and woodland. This is followed by an area inhabited by Wandorobo, elephant hunters, from whom the traders purchase ivory. Then the route beaks into inhabited cultivated country, extending to its terminus on the shores of Victoria Nyanza.