Name ID 459
Iliffe, J.A. Tanganyika under German Rule 1905-1912
Extract Date: 1850's
The fertile highlands overlooking the Pangani supported relatively dense populations among whom political consolidation began at least by the early nineteenth century. By the 1850s the Kilindi ruler of Usambara, Kimweri za Nyumbai, dominated the lower valley, conducting a profitable trade with Pangani and employing literate coastal agents.