Volga-Deutsch

Name ID 1616

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nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Maggie Reese
Page Number: 2004 10 05

Researching Volga-deutsch

Hi, My name is Maggie Reese, my V-D Family names are Rosenoff (formerly Rosenauer, then Rosenow) and Altschieger, from Peskovatka, on the Don. My family was naturalized in the US in the 1890's, but I am currently looking for resources regarding some general Volga-Deutsch stuff, for a college research paper. If you have run across anything a little more recent than the 1900's I'd be greatly appreciative…

Thanks!

M. Reese

Thanks for your email. The Volga-Deutsch history is so unusual, and so little mentioned, that when you do see a reference it stands out, and hence I suspect that most of what I have come across is already on the web site.

I’ll try to let you know if I come across any thing else, but I suspect that most of it is now buried in German Archives. However, my first extract on the Volga-Deutsch page comes from someone living in an old German House, and he may know more. I’m going to be in Tanzania briefly next week and might see him; if so I’ll ask.

Meanwhile, good luck with your searches, and if you find anything to add to the web site, please let me know.

 

Extract ID: 4828

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Spear, Thomas Mountain Farmers, Moral Economies of Land and Agricultural Development in Arusha and Meru
Page Number: 088b
Extract Date: 1906

Government sponsored German peasants

In 1906 the government sponsored German peasants to develop small-holdings at Leganga on south eastern Meru between Usa River and Maji ya Chai.

Several Evangelical Lutheran settlers had already become established west of Arusha town when the government decided to settle German refugees from southern Russia. Forty people were recruited at a cost of 7,000 marks each, and each family was given fifty hectares to grow wheat, maize, and vegetables. Far from being experienced peasant farmers, however, the recruits were poorly-educated, unskilled labourers who were unable to adjust to farming under colonial conditions, and the scheme collapsed almost immediately. The first settlers were already on their way home as the last arrived.

Extract ID: 5641

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Personal Communication
Extract Author: Mike Leach
Extract Date: 1912

Leuedorf - 1912

sent by email June 2002 - "This goes as caption with some photos from 1912 mounted in our hall."

August Leue landed in Bagamoyo in 1885 as part of an expedition under Hermann von Wissmann which included Tom von Prince. As an officer in the Schutztruppe Leue was stationed in Bagamoyo, Dar es Salaam, Kilwa & Tabora. In 1887 he established a post of the German East Africa Company (DOAG) in Dar es Salaam causing a revolt. In 1891 rule was transferred from the DOAG to the German government and Dar es Salaam selected as the seat of administration. A map in the lodge (circa 1910) shows Leue Strasse, now Morogoro Road.

In 1901 Leue retired and in 1905 returned having raised money in Berlin for a settlement on Mount Meru which became known as Leuedorf, now Ngare Sero.

Some two hundred Volga-Deutsch families were settled between Ngongare and Makumira. In 1908 church bells were donated from Bochum to the settlement and these now hang at Nkoaranga Church. The photographs from 1912 show Leue standing in front of his rubber plantation. With him is the farm manager Fritz Hohlöchter later killed in a shooting accident.

During the World War Leuedorf was occupied by British troops but Leue continued to administer the area. In 1920 under the League of Nations Mandate Leuedorf passed to Captain Rydon RN who farmed the estate until 1954.

In 1973 Mike & Gisela Leach converted the farm house and gardens into a small tourist lodge.

Extract ID: 4289

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: 101
Extract Date: 1905

refugees and Maji-Maji

Supported schemes to establish Afrikaner refugees from the South African Boer War and poor Germans from Russia on the foothills of Mount Meru.

Gotzen refused to allow European settlers to buy their farms until the land had been cultivated. He is best remembered for his brutal supression of the Maji-Maji Rebellion. While fighting the rebels, Gotzen implemented a scorched-earth policy in southern GEA which caused the destruction of a region the size of Germany. During this campaign more than 100,000 men, women and children died as a result of famine and disease.

Extract ID: 1200

See also

Skinner, Annabel Tanzania & Zanzibar
Page Number: 135e
Extract Date: 1899~

Influx of traders and farmers

A steady influx of traders and farmers into Arusha in the 19th century, notably Indian traders, private German farmers and immigrant Africans, stimulated economic growth, prompting the German administration to conceive an 'idealistic' vision of a vast white settlement of their own construction. The Germans came up with several schemes to import settlers-from bizarre backgrounds.

The first of these plans back-fired when the Boer farmers of German origin who had taken up the offer of free farmland proved too uncouth for the ideal community; they were mainly squeezed out into Kenya.

The grand scheme was revised: now 10,000 German peasants from settlements around the Volga Basin and Caucasus in southern Russia were to be imported. The four families who arrived as a test project were painfully disappointed to discover that Arusha did not have four harvests a year, as they had been led to believe, and soon made their way to Tanga begging to be sent back to Russia.

Extract ID: 3544

See also

Fosbrooke, Henry Arusha Integrated Regional Development Plan
Page Number: 5

Arusha Town

Paper 1 Land Tenure and Land Use

Arusha town was established by the Germans at the beginning of the present century and has grown to a population of 55,281. Several of the Afrtican groups, particularly the Somalis, are of non-Tanzanian origin. The Tanzanians themselves came from different tribes; the Arusha themselves, on whose land the town is situated account for only 18.7% of the population (1967 figure).

The Europeans came in, first as missionaries, then as Government officials and then as settlers. The immigrants were of course largely German, but the government encouraged South African Dutch to migrate from South Africa where they found British rule unacceptable after their defeat in the Boer war.

A small settlement of Russians was established around Engare Sero, but failed.

The Greeks started largely as railway contractors, but many took up ex German farms after World War I.

The Asians came in as traders, and later as clerical and professional workers. They now number about 4000 being largely from India and Pakistan.

Extract ID: 3224
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