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Book ID 412

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Extract Author: Robert Ambrose
Extract Date: 1996 Oct 5

Dense Tapestries of Sound By Hukwe Zawose

allAfrica.com MUSIC REVIEW

Artist: Hukwe Zawose

CD: Tanzania Yetu (Triple Earth, 1985)

CD: Chibite (Real World/Caroline Carol 2358-2, 1996)

One of the albums I most treasure is Tanzania Yetu, the 1985 debut release from Iain Scott's pioneering Triple Earth label. The recording is a profound musical statement built around the magical vocals of Tanzania's Hukwe Zawose.

Dense tapestries of sound are woven by chirimbas ('thumb pianos'), marimbas, izezes (traditional stringed instruments plucked and bowed), and layered, polyphonic singing. Zawose's uniquely expressive voice anchors the whole, producing in Tanzania Yetu a rendering on vinyl of something essential and timeless.

At the beginning of 1996 I read that Hukwe Zawose had been recorded during the 1995 Real World Recording Week, at the state-of-the-art Real World Studios, and I began checking my mail frequently in anticipation.

Finally an advance cassette arrived, which I began to devour regularly at the risk of wearing out that fragile, antiquated medium.

Now, at last, the digital product is here, and I struggle to write this column as Chibite passes through my computer and blasts, full volume, from the speakers inches away, threatening to transport me to some other reality with its subtle-yet-insistent rhythms and hypnotic vocals.

Chibite is gorgeous, exquisitely recorded music. Zawose generates amazingly complex sound from his humble instruments, sound that builds to slowly envelope listeners and prepare them for the intense, powerful vocal assault. The opening 'Sisitizo La Amani Duniani', a reflection on Hiroshima, is spectacular, while the vocal cacophony on the following 'Chilumi' focusses Zawose¹s powerful vision into two minutes of pure energy.

Zawose sings of life in Tanzania, simple songs that celebrate the ordinary, the mystical, and the cause of Tanzanian and African independence. Chibite has a tribute song to Julius Nyerere, the father of Tanzanian liberation and the country's first president, as do all previous Zawose recordings.

Hukwe's son Charles lends able support on vocals and ilimba thumb pianos, indicating that the preservation of Tanzania¹s musical heritage has become a family occupation. It could not be in better hands.

Robert Ambrose produces 'The Rhythm Connection' for public radio, and he writes about African music for The Beat magazine. The curious can reach him by e-mail at rambrose@alaska.net.

Extract ID: 1533

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Extract Date: 2000 July 14

Somalia Banditry: Tanzania To Deploy The Army

TOMRIC Agency, Dar Es Salaam

At last the government has realized a need to use the army and not policemen alone to carry out an exercise to flush out Somali Bandits in north-west Tanzania.

Residents in the area had earlier asked the government to deploy the army, but the later has been reluctant to respond.

The Minister for Home Affairs, Mohammed Seif Khatib had said the killings of residents in Ngorongoro district by armed Somali's bandits does not warrant the deployment of the army. He said the number of Tanzanians killed by Somali Bandits was still small if deaths in other parts of the Tanzania were taken into considerations.

He said the army would normally be deployed if there was tension between one nation and the other. But following the endless attacks, the Minister for Defense has now declared that the army would be used to fight against Somali Bandits to the border of Tanzania and Kenya.

'In fact the army had already conducted an investigation and had gathered enough information on armed banditry in the area,' the Minister said. This week police in Arusha nabbed two hard core bandits of Somali origin suspected to be behind recent attacks in Ngorongoro and Monduli districts.

They are believed to be architects of armed robberies and Killings in the two districts. In the past, the Ministry of Home Affairs criticized an idea to use the army saying the police force would continue to provide security along the common border with Kenya.

However, the residents were against to the idea saying that Police have failed to provide security in the area, as Somalis were armies with advanced fighting tactics. About 18 policemen on the mission to hunt notorious Somali Bandits in Northern Tanzania were recently serious injured in a motor accident along the border with Kenya.

At least 18 people have so far died from these accidents which occurred in various places of the country. Efforts by Tanzania and Kenya to strengthen security around their borders to arrest Somali Bandits with high calibre weapons, appear to be completely ineffective.

Somali Bandits have continued to threaten lives of Maasai people in northern Tanzania. Digodigo village in Loliando in Arusha region was attached mid April this year.

During that incident two villagers were killed and several others were injured. For more than three years now, the Somali Bandits have been launching attacks on villages in northern Tanzania, especially areas cross to the border of Kenya and Tanzania.

Several Killings by Somali Bandits have been recorded in the area. One of them include Pastor John Majoel of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania (ELCT) who was shot to death on his back after he allegedly refused to get out of his car, Toyota Land Cruiser.

The Pastor was traveling with four European Missionaries to Ngorongoro, one of the famous Tanzania's National Park, on routine pastoral work. Two years ago, Somali Bandits murdered the Ngorongoro District Commanding Officer, SSP Issaya Kong'oa, and about 10 Maasai tribesmen.

Extract ID: 1517

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Extract Author: Kipkoech Tanui In Arusha, Sunday
Extract Date: 2000 Aug 27

Leaders Set for Arusha Talks

The Nation (Nairobi)

A celebratory mood was yesterday evident in Arusha town two days ahead of the historic signing of a peace accord crafted to stem bloodshed in the civil war-ravaged Burundi.

World leaders have started jetting into Arusha - whose history is replete with peace-making initiatives.

Former South African leader, Mr. Nelson Mandela, who is facilitating the talks - a task he took over following the death of former Tanzanian President Mwalimu Julius Nyerere - landed at the Arusha International Airport at 9 am.

After an interview with an army of local and international journalists, which has pitched camp in the modest town, Mr. Mandela headed straight to his guest house for talks with the representatives of the 19 parties at the centre of the conflict.

American President Bill Clinton is among the 24 world leaders expected to grace the signing ceremony at the Novotel Mt Meru Hotel.

The town is already swarming with US marines and FBI agents who have taken over security arrangements for the American leader.

President Moi will arrive for the talks and signing ceremony which has captured the world's interest in the same way the post-World War II accord did, tomorrow.

Burundi's President Pierre Buyoya, who is set to hand-over the reigns of power to a transitional government six months after the signing of the agreement, landed here at 1pm.

Those who were expected to arrive later in the day include the host - President Benjamin Mkapa of Tanzania and Ghanaian leader, Jerry Rawlings.

Key personalities in the ceremony which will take place at the Arusha International Conference Centre include presidents Yoweri Museveni (Uganda), Desire Kabila (DRC), Thambo Mbeki (South Africa) and Joachim Chisano (Mozambique).

Mr. Clinton who is attending the talks at the invitation of Mr. Mandela has made it clear that he will support the SA's elder statesman to the hilt in his endeavour during his visit. Mr. Clinton will meet Mr. Mkapa to express US appreciation for the role Tanzania has long played as peace-makers in the region.

A special satelite dish was being flown into Arusha to be used to beam the proceedings of the meeting live by world's TV stations. Six months ago Mr. Clinton made an appearance at one of the major Burundi peace conferences in Arusha, via satellite transmissions from Washington DC.

Mr. Clinton is expected to arrive here today at 3 pm to witness the fall of curtain on the seven-year civil war.

Extract ID: 1520

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Extract Date: 2000 Aug 29

Clinton Here to Support Peace Efforts

Text of President Clintons speech at Arusha released by the Tanzanian Government

Mr. President, Secretary Slater, Minister Nyanda, members of the Tanzanian and American delegations, ladies and gentlemen. First, Mr. President, thank you for your warm welcome, and will save your speech. (Laughter.) And thank you for your thoughtful and deep remarks.

I'd like to begin by also thanking you for the warm welcome that you gave to Chelsea and to Hillary when they were here. They both fell in love with your country, and Hillary asked me to give you her regards. Since you've just started a campaign, you will understand that she is otherwise occupied. (Laughter.)

I am honored to be here in a place of peace, to visit a champion of peace. Tanzania's story is too often not the stuff of headlines. For that I say, congratulations. Think of the headlines you have avoided. Because you have avoided headlines about repression, famine and war, and instead focused on the steady progress of democracy and development, being generous to your neighbors, and being a cause of peace and cooperation across the region, too many people in our country do not know enough about your country. I hope very much that my visit here, with so many members of the United States Congress who are here with me, will help to change that.

I look forward, Mr. President, to joining you and President Mandela and the other regional leaders shortly in your efforts to bring a lasting peace to Burundi, just the last chapter in the distinguished history that you have already made in such a short time.

One of the tragic ironies of life is sometimes the most terrible things happen to those who try to do the most good. You mentioned it was just over two years ago that the terrorist bombs went off at our American embassies not far north of here in Nairobi, and not far south in Dar es Salaam. They claimed hundreds of Tanzanian, Kenyan and American lives.

I believe the terrorists went after Tanzania, Kenya and the United States precisely because we are dedicated to tolerance, understanding and cooperation across frontiers and lines of division. They took a lot of our loved ones, but as you pointed out, they failed utterly to deter us from advancing our common principles.

So, two years later, I would like to say again to the Tanzanian families and the victims who survived, we still share your sorrow and your determination to see justice done. But we are grateful that your nation has stayed on the course of peace and reconciliation.

We also want to continue to support you during the current drought. We have already provided substantial food assistance, and will continue to do what is needed. We are also trying to help both Tanzania and Kenya deal with your significant refugee problems, which we had a chance to discuss in our meeting just a moment ago. We will keep working with you, Mr. President, to promote education and health, to bring the benefits of the global information economy to your nation and to the developing world.

I am glad that we were able to support Tanzania as one of the first three African countries to qualify for debt relief under the heavily indebted poor countries initiative. So long as these economic reforms continue they will be worth the freeing of $100 million a year, which Tanzania can now invest in its greatest resource, your people.

And I might say, Mr. President, I was very moved by what you said in our meeting about how you intend to invest that money. And I hope that the members of our Congress will take home the powerful example that you have set as a good reason for us to fully fund our part of the global initiative to relieve the debt of highly indebted poor countries.

I also want to do more to encourage foreign investment here. When I last met with you, Mr. President, you were just finishing a very successful tour of the United States to promote American investment here. It has doubled in the last five years. The Open Skies agreement, just signed, will strengthen our economic ties further, giving both our countries' airlines unrestricted international access from any airport to any airport in either country, so that more people can travel and market their products to more places at lower cost.

It was the first of six such agreements we have negotiated with African nations, and I am honored that the first was here in Tanzania.

We will keep working with you, Mr. President, on all these issues, not only because your success is important in its own right, and because your people deserve a chance to live their dreams, but because you inspire all those around you who are struggling to achieve freedom and peace and reconciliation. I urge you to continue to inspire them.

I thank you for the power of your example. I support the work you do. And again let me say on behalf of all the American delegation, we are delighted and honored to be here. Thank you very much.

Extract ID: 1518

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Extract Author: Vision Reporter
Extract Date: 2000 Aug 29

Clinton Overshadows Burundi Talks in Arusha

New Vision (Kampala)

....... the talks were being overshadowed by Clinton's visit, with the whole of Arusha focused on putting on a good show for the U.S. president.

Firemen hosed dust off the streets the presidential cavalcade will take and schools closed.

Extract ID: 1519

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Extract Date: 2000 Dec 1

Endangered Toads Transferred To US From Tanzania

TOMRIC Agency, Dar Es Salaam

About 500 endangered Toads have been transferred from Tanzania to various places in the United States for 'research' purposes, the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife has confirmed in Dar Es Salaam.

Five temporary homes are established at Baltimore in Maryland, Detroit in Michigan, Oklahoma City, Taledo in Ohio and Brookfield in Illinois United States.

The Toads left here yesterday to the US for what the Ministry says, was research also aimed at establishing whether they can survive in different conditions other than at Kihansi water falls spray, an area which is in Morogoro Region Eastern Tanzania..

Out of 500 Toads transferred, 250 are female and 250 males. Experts estimate that Kihansi water falls host between 10,000 to 12,000 Toads, which are found nowhere in the world apart from Tanzania.

Kihansi is the mountainous area where Tanzania has placed one of its largest hydropower projects. The project commended early this year. The Lower Kihansi Hydropower Project Resident Engineer, Mr. Olav Vallezik, says the 500 Toads, believed to be found only in Tanzania, will be distributed among different US universities for the World Bank funded research.

Mr. Vallezik, who puts the population of the Toads between 10,000 and 12,000, says their scientific name is Asperginus nectophrynoides and they were discovered in 1996 during the implementing of the power project.

Kihansi escarpment is estimated to be less than 200 meters wide in the Udzungwa Mountains between Iringa and Morogoro Regions.

The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife, Mr. Philemon Luhanjo said here yesterday that the Toads were categorically as rare and endangered species because all over the world they are only found at the banks of Kihansi water falls in Tanzania.

Contrary to the common Toads (frogs), Luhanjo said, 'These does not lay eggs. They just produce young ones.' They do not stay in water, but live close to the banks of the liver so as to receive the water vapour evaporating from the waters falls, he added..

'Because of the ongoing construction of a new dam at Kihansi, the Toads will no longer receive adequate water vapour and we need to consider a new habitant,' said Luhanjo. According to him, the transfer to the US did not mean they had been sold, but only temporary to avoid their extinction, as Tanzania searched for a permanent home for the endangered frogs.

He said in a statement that two experts from Tanzania accompanied the Toads to the US so as to learn how to construct new shelter for them once they are reallocated from Kihansi natural habitant.

At Kihansi, the Toads were being allocated about 1.8 cubic meters of the water per second for their survival, the amount that could generate 14.5MW of electricity.

Extract ID: 1538

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Extract Date: 2000-12-02

TANZANIA: FREAK FLOODS KILL 26 IN TANZANIA.

DAR ES SALAAM, Dec 2 (Reuters)

Flash floods caused by heavy rains have killed at least 26 people and injured 17 others in northwest Tanzania, police said on Saturday.

Regional Commissioner Elia Kihengu told Reuters the freak rains occurred on Friday afternoon, flooding the Mirongo river on the eastern side of the town of Mwanza near Lake Victoria.

The flood waters swept away houses and people.

'We have been getting normal short rains but yesterday's rains were extraordinary. Mirongo overflowed and people were drowned. Passers-by were swept away. We have confirmed 26 people dead up to now,' Kihengu said.

He added the floods had destroyed at least 20 homes.

Seasonal short rains are usually between October and December. Rains have been poor over the past two years. Tanzania began rationing power a week ago.

Extract ID: 1543

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Extract Date: 2001 Jan 4

Army Worms Attack Tanzanian Farms As Drought Ends

Panafrican News Agency, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

After experiencing a long period of drought accompanied by acute famine, peasants in some parts of Tanzania sighed with relief when rain started falling early December.

Most of them had pegged hopes on food crops expected to ripen soon to calm the pangs of hunger.

But their hopes have now evaporated into thin air as 7,780 hectares of food crops in four regions have been attacked by Army Worms, destroying 1,600 hectares of food plant.

And as if this was not enough, another eight regions are also likely to be invaded by the worms.

Thus earlier predictions by the World Food Programme that Tanzania might need relief food only until April have almost been derailed.

Among the regions already invaded by the worms are Iringa and Mbeya, located in the Southern Highlands, which are major producers of maize and rice.

Others include the semi-arid central regions of Dodoma, Singida, Shinyanga and parts of Arusha region in the north.

The Agriculture Ministry and Food Security have predicted that Morogoro, Mwanza, Kilimanjaro, Tabora and Tanga are among regions which are likely to be attacked by the worms between now and May.

According to an agricultural officer in the Department of Plant Protection, Richard Magoma, the ministry has been warning farmers of Army Worms attacks and have been supplying pesticides to control them.

He also explained that the government has already disbursed substantial amounts of pesticides to the affected areas to fight the insects.

However, the officer's report seems to contradict with realities as reports reaching Dar es Salaam reveal that farmers in the affected regions have been taken unawares by the Army Worms' attacks.

In fact, in one village in Singida region where Army Worms have attacked 40 hectares, there were only three litres of pesticides which could do little to control the worms.

Lack of communication between the villages and the districts has also aggravated the problem as district agricultural officers tend to receive information after the worms had done substantial damages.

Observers noted that the ministry and Food Security may not have responded fast enough on the Army Worms' attacks which were first reported in the Iringa region during the first week of December before they spread to other regions.

If the ministry had responded promptly, then the attacks would not have spread so far and caused such severe damage, the observers argued.

Extract ID: 2895

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Extract Author: Alpha Nuhu
Extract Date: March 1, 2001

Killer Disease Decimates Hundreds Of Animals

Copyright © 2001 Panafrican News Agency. Distributed by AllAfrica Global

American, Kenyan and South African wildlife scientists are in Tanzania to study a strange disease which has been decimating hundreds of animals in the world famous Ngorongoro Crater in the northern tourist circuit of the country.

The team of 11 researchers begun its study last week after Tanzanian wildlife authorities reported that a mysterious disease has killed at least 600 animals in the past 10 months.

Ngorongoro Crater, dubbed the Eighth Wonder of the World, is home to more than 20,000 large animals, including some of Tanzania's remaining black rhinos.

The 8,300 square-kilometre conservation area boasts of the finest blend of landscape, wildlife, people and archaeological sites in Africa.

A Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) official said Thursday the mysterious disease had attacked 323 buffaloes, 193 wildebeests, 69 zebras, seven rhinos, six lions and four hippos since May last year.

"We don't know the cause of the animal deaths, but early samples show that it is Babesiosis (urinating red samples)," said Emmanuel Chausi.

According to expert testimony, Babesiosis is a disease that causes breathing problems due to lack of sufficient red cells which supply oxygen in animals.

In 1994, a similar peculiar disease, later identified as Canine Distemper, killed more than 2,000 lions in the world's famous Serengeti National Park, also found on the north of Tanzania.

Wildlife scientists fear that an outbreak of such strange diseases in game parks, if not immediately controlled, may wipe out the animal populations vital for the booming tourist industry in the East African country.

"We have embarked on extensive research to control these dangerous diseases to preserve our natural heritage," Chausi said.

He said the deaths of buffaloes, zebras and antelopes in the crater could be due to severe drought which hit the northern part of Tanzania last year, causing widespread food shortages among villagers surrounding the national parks.

"We suspect that prolonged drought also contributed to the deaths of some animals like buffaloes and antelopes because their carcasses were found near water sources," he said.

Extract ID: 3121

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Extract Author: Kate Gehring, Arusha
Extract Date: May 15, 2001

German Woman Acquitted of Murder Charge in Tanzanian Court

Copyright © 2001 Internews. Distributed by AllAfrica Global Media

Kerstin Cameron, 40, a German woman accused of murdering her husband was acquitted today in the Tanzanian High Court at Arusha.

Judge Edward Rutakangwa delivered the verdict to a packed courtroom, ending a chapter in the legal, personal, and political intrigue that has followed the 1998 death of New Zealander Clifton Cameron in the couple's Arusha home.

Friends and supporters of Cameron packed the courtroom, and the press and Tanzanian onlookers crowded outside. The court was silent during the nearly four hours it took for the judge to deliver his judgment and verdict. When he declared her not guilty, Cameron cried, and the public gallery echoed with applause and cheers.

In comments to the press, Cameron emphasized the support she has received from friends and supporters in Arusha, whom she said "have kept me from utter despair."

Responding to questions about her feelings about the case, and if she will take further legal action, she said: "I would like answers in the future as to how in Dar es Salaam this could happen."

However, she said she wants to spend time with her children while figuring out what to do next. For the time being, she added, she plans to spend time with loved ones, and to "begin to rebuild her life."

"I have nothing, I must start from scratch," she said. But she does have the support of many friends and family who have pledged to continue to support her as she starts all over again.

After greeting those friends and supporters, she will depart immediately for Kenya, and then return with her family to Germany.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Extract ID: 3166

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Extract Author: Faustine Rwambali
Extract Date: February 9, 2004

Tanzania Ignores Nile Treaty, Starts Victoria Water Project

The East African (Nairobi) http://www.nationaudio.com/News/EastAfrican/current/Regional/Regional0902200442.html

TANZANIA LAST week launched a Tsh27.6 billion ($27.6 million) project to draw water from Lake Victoria to supply Kahama in Shinyanga region, in contravention of two treaties colonial Britain signed with Egypt and Sudan controlling the use of water from the lake. The Agreements restrict riparian countries from initiating projects that would affect the volume of Nile waters without the permission of Egypt.

The contract for the laying of a 170-kilometre inland pipe was awarded to the China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation, and signifies Tanzania's loss of patience with talks involving Kenya, Uganda and Egypt over the validity of the two agreements signed in 1929 and 1959 respectively, stipulating how water from Lake Victoria and the River Nile was to be shared out.

Despite engaging in lengthy negotiations over the use of waters from Lake Victoria and the Nile, Tanzania has maintained that the two agreements were illegal, said the Deputy Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Water and Livestock Development, Dr C. Nyamurunda, in Dar es Salaam last week.

The second phase of the contract, said to be worth about Tsh57.5 billion ($57.5 million), is expected to commence in July 2004, and will be completed next year. The total cost of the water project is estimated at Tsh85.1 billion ($85.1 million).

The water will be mainly used for domestic purposes, said the official, indicating that the government was still sensitive to concerns from Egypt about the widescale use of water from the lake without consulting Cairo.

The water project will initially benefit 420,000 people, but this number is expected to soar to 940,000 in the next 20 years.

Apart from Shinyanga and Kahama towns, some 54 villages situated along the pipeline will benefit from the project, said Edward Lowassa, the Minister for Water and Livestock Development.

To cut down on the costs involved in maintaining the pipeline, the government says it will set up an independent body to manage the project.

Dr Nyamurunda said that Tanzania's sentiments about the legality of the agreements were shared by other Nile Basin countries. "Other countries also believe that the treaties were illegal, but they are ready to co-operate in negotiations although they are not restricted from using the waters of the Nile," he said. The Nile Basin initiative is made up of 10 countries.

"In the Draft Agreement on Nile River Basin Co-operative Framework, Section 15, all countries, except Egypt and Sudan take the position that the treaties in question are illegal," he said.

At independence, Dr Nyamurunda says, Tanganyika made its position on the agreements clear to the UN, Egypt and Britain.

The controversial 1929 Nile Waters Agreement was concluded between Egypt and Great Britain, which represented Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika (now Tanzania) and the Sudan. It was concluded by an exchange of letters between the Egyptian Prime Minister and the British Ambassador in Egypt on May 7, 1929, in Cairo.

It stated that no works would be undertaken on the Nile, its tributaries and the Lake Basin, that would reduce the volume of the water reaching Egypt. It also gave Egypt the right to inspect and investigate the whole length of the Nile up to the remote sources of its tributaries in these territories.

The agreement also allocated Egypt 48 billion cubic metres per year of Nile water as its acquired right, while that of the Sudan was four billion cubic metres per year. This was based on the report of a commission appointed by Cairo in 1925 providing a technical basis for the 1929 Agreement.

But Sudan and Egypt renegotiated the 1929 agreement in 1956, coming up with the 1959 "Full Utilisation of the Nile Waters" agreement, which was signed on November 8, 1959, allowing the construction of the Aswan High Dam as the major element in the control of the Nile waters for the benefit of the two countries.

Egypt and, to a lesser extent, Sudan, depend almost entirely on the Nile for their agricultural production and are major users of the 6,700 km river's waters. Its basin area is about three million sq km.

According to the UN Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), by 1995, Egypt had three million hectares under irrigation, using 62 billion cubic metres of water annually, while Sudan had developed 1.26 million hectares, requiring 16 billion cubic metres of water per year.

Although the treaty was first signed in 1929 by the Egyptian Prime Minister and the British High Commissioner in Egypt, it bound seven other countries, including Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Apart from Ethiopia, which had a government in place, the treaty was made before these countries gained their independence.

The treaty, a culmination of previous agreements made in 1889, 1891 and 1902 between the British and Italian governments and later the Ethiopian Government, merely acknowledged Egypt's natural and historical "right" to the Nile's waters.

A section of the treaty says, "Without the consent of the Egyptian Government, no irrigation or hydroelectric works can be established on the tributaries of the Nile or their lakes if such works can cause a drop in water level harmful to Egypt."

Dissatisfied with its share of the waters, Sudan withdrew from the treaty when President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt commissioned the Aswan High Dam in 1950s.

Around the same time, the country experienced a military coup in circumstances widely seen as suspicious, especially after the new government renegotiated the treaty. This resulted in the 1959 Agreement, which increased Egypt's share to 55.5 billion cubic metres while Sudan's share was increased to 18.5 billion cubic metres.

Kenya and the rest of the East African countries' water needs were ignored in the agreements as the two sole beneficiaries went ahead to irrigate six million hectares (Egypt) and 2.75 million acres (Sudan).

Since the signing of the agreements, Egypt and Sudan have used force or the threat of force to sustain them. For instance, in June 1980, Egypt nearly went to war with Ethiopia after Addis Ababa opposed attempts by the late President Anwar Sadat to divert the Nile waters to the Sinai Desert.

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Sadat had promised Israel that he would irrigate the desert after the historical peace agreements made in Camp David brokered by the US government. Ethiopia then threatened to obstruct the Blue Nile, prompting Egypt to prepare for war.

By the end of last week, Egypt had yet to react to the Tanzanian move.

Extract ID: 4693

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Extract Date: March 14, 2005

Camels for the Maasai

The East African (Nairobi)

Once unknown south of Namanga, Camel keeping is now a fast expanding activity in Arusha and Namanga

Unitl Global Partners began a Camel project with Heifer Project International (HPI) in 1995, there were no camels in the whole of Tanzania, compared with the hundreds of thousands of camels in neighbouring Kenya.

This is no longer the case, as now many families are reaping the benefits of a fast growing Camel business, benefiting from milk, transportation of water, passengers, firewood, market goods, and tourism income.

It all started when HPI hired consultants Piers Simpkin from FARM Africa Kenya, Mohamed Haji from ASAL project of Kenya's Ministry of Agriculture in Kajiado district, Beppe di Giulio from Italy and Proches Buretta - HPI's monitoring and evaluation co-ordinator. They jointly produced a report strongly recommending the introduction of Kenyan camels in the semi-arid areas of northern Tanzania.

Now Camel keeping is a fast expanding industry in the area, says Dr Alison Lyimo, the expert overseeing the HPI project.

With malnutrition, impoverishment, and marginalisation increasing among the rural Maasai communities, the Camel project has provided an opportunity to sustain their pastoral way of life by using fodder and land resources that have been underutilised.

The initial consignment from Kenya involved 279 camels, which were distributed to 20 groups in four districts of Arusha and Manyara Regions.

Now vast herds of camels can be seen as one approaches the sprawling border post of Namanga.

The nomadic livestock keepers of Longido now get both milk and income from keeping camels. They and groups around Namanga also use their camels as tourist attractions.

Being prolific producers of milk - 8-10 litres a day - camels have rapidly improved the nutritional status of the Maasai, for whom milk has always been a staple food. Dr Lyimo says plans are underway to expand the project into other communities in Manyara, Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions.

Same District, one of the semi-arid areas of Kilimanjaro, has been chosen for the latest introduction of camels. The camels will be distributed to Kirinjiko, Mkanyani, Ruvu Mferejini and Nyumba ya Mungu villages and already the earmarked recipients have received the basic two-week Camel husbandry course that was conducted in Namanga recently.

The project is supported and funded by two overseas organisations - the Global Partners of the US and World Runners of Japan.

Erwin Kinsey, an HPI (Africa) official, says the project represents a long-term solution to malnutrition among the Maasai. The Kenyan camels seem to have responded fairly well to their new Tanzanian homes and climate, although, Dr Lyimo says, "There have been a few deaths due to fractures when camels fall into trenches, poisoning when they eat poisonous plants and pneumonia in calves." Reproduction in general has been slow.

Extract ID: 5036

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Extract Author: Sumitomo Chemical
Extract Date: 8 February 2008

Tanzania: Vice President of Tanzania Dedicates Olyset Net Factory In Arusha

Press Release (Tokyo)

Arusha

Vice President Dr Ali Mohammed Shein today presided over the dedication of the new Olyset Net factory in Arusha, Tanzania before an audience of distinguished guests.

Olyset, a long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN), is a crucial tool in the fight against Malaria – and the only WHO-recommended LLIN manufactured in Africa, where a child dies from Malaria every 30 seconds.

“The Olyset model produces a vital public health product and simultaneously boosts economic development in Africa,” said Vice President Shein. “This is truly an advance beyond aid, toward self-sustaining enterprise in the service of public health. It is a model that should be vigorously applied in other industries across the continent.”

The Arusha net factory is a 50/50 joint venture between Sumitomo Chemical, a multi-national Japanese company headquartered in Tokyo, and A to Z Textile Mills, a locally-based Tanzanian company. The joint venture legal entity, Vector Health International, is an expansion of a business relationship that commenced with a royalty-free technology transfer in 2003. The new facilities bring Olyset production capacity in Arusha to 10 million nets per year.

Over 3,200 jobs have been created in the venture, supporting at least 20,000 people. “We are delighted to celebrate with all of you this significant milestone. Our collaboration has grown to a full-fledged joint venture.” said Hiromasa Yonekura, President of Sumitomo Chemical. “This Tanzania operation is a stronghold for our Olyset Net business. From here, we will further expand our Olyset Net operations in Africa, and we will enhance our efforts in the fight against Malaria and to contribute to Africa’s economic development.”

LLINs are proven, effective tools in the fight against Malaria. Olyset Net was the first LLIN to be submitted to the World Health Organization’s Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES) and remains the only LLIN to have passed all four stages of the evaluation process confirming efficacy and longevity. The Olyset Net is tough, durable and wash-proof. Insecticide is incorporated within the net's fibres during manufacture, for slow release over a sustained period of time. Consequently, they never need re-treatment with insecticide, and are guaranteed to be effective for a minimum of five years.

In field tests, Olyset nets have been shown to still be effective after seven years in Tanzania. “Africa needs direct foreign investment to build strong economies, and when 90% of the Malaria deaths are in Africa, why should we have to import bednets?” said Anuj Shah, CEO of A to Z Textile Mills. “These jobs are transforming our community, and we are seeing that children are staying in school longer as one immediate result.”

“Long lasting insecticide nets are a vital tool in the fight against Malaria. We are delighted to see such a huge expansion of local production capacity in Tanzania and the creation of more jobs, especially for women,” said Dr. Awa Marie Coll-Seck, Executive Director of the Roll Back Malaria Partnership.

“The transfer of this technology to Africa four years ago has reaped tremendous results and shows how innovative partnerships can produce sustainable benefits for public health.”

About A to Z Textile Mills Ltd.

A to Z Textile Mills Ltd., was established by the Shah family in 1966 in Arusha, Tanzania as a small garment manufacturer. In 1978, the company started manufacturing polyester bednets. Bednets now constitute a large percentage of production, taking place in fully integrated plants with spinning, knitting, weaving, dyeing, finishing, cutting and making departments. The business culture at A to Z invites innovation, with commitment to attracting and retaining capable employees; treatment of employees with dignity and respect; encouragement for creativity and innovation in every aspect of the work; provision of growth opportunities to all within the organization; provision of a healthy, safe and enjoyable work environment; and establishment of progressive and long- standing relationship with suppliers.

About Sumitomo Chemical

Sumitomo Chemical is a multi-national Japanese company, with decades of experience in hybrid chemistry, including both insecticide manufacturing and plastics technology. Dedicated to solving environmental and social problems through innovative technology and sustainable development, Sumitomo Chemical believes the cycle of poverty can be broken by the control and prevention of vector-borne diseases. As Olyset has been shown to be the most cost-effective Malaria preventative intervention today, Sumitomo Chemical is working to ensure this technology reaches those in need through expansion of production capacity for local African manufacture of Olyset.

The development of this life-saving product is central to Sumitomo Chemical’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) commitment, which has the “sustainable development of society” at its core.

For More Information:

http://www.SumiVector.com

Extract ID: 5547

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Extract Author: Daniel Benno Msangya, Dar es Salaam
Page Number: 01
Extract Date: January 22, 2001

Tanzania's Grapevine Production Faces Lean Year

Copyright © 2001 African Church Information Service. Distributed by allAfrica.com. For information about the content or for permission to redistribute, publish or use for broadcast, contact the publisher.

Every year gloomy faced vegetable and fruit growers in Tanzania watch helplessly as their produce rot in farms because of lack of transport, reliable market and adequate canning or preservation facilities. It is indeed the most painful period especially for the growers in Dodoma, one of the leading vegetable and fruit producing regions in East Africa. Many farmers are rethinking their careers.

Magge Matonya (not her real name), a widow and mother of seven children - all school drop-outs - is no longer interested in growing mizabibu, literally grapevine, the famous cash crop of Italy as well as of Dodoma region in Tanzania.

Her family's efforts had been frustrated after the death of the head of her household several years ago. She is presently the only provider for her family and all her energy is directed towards gainful endeavours.

Mbukwa Matonya, her husband, died of AIDS-related ailment. But unlike in many other similar circumstances, he left his family reasonably provided for. He earned much from his three acres of vineyard at Mpunguzi Village situated about ten kilometres south west of Dodoma town.

Extract ID: 3894

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Extract Author: Daniel Benno Msangya, Dar es Salaam
Page Number: 02
Extract Date: 1940

Catholic Missionary Fathers introduce the crop

Copyright © 2001 African Church Information Service. Distributed by allAfrica.com. For information about the content or for permission to redistribute, publish or use for broadcast, contact the publisher.

Since 1940 after the pioneers, the Catholic Missionary Fathers (Passionist Fathers from Italy), introduced the crop by planting the grapevine at Bustani Roman Catholic Mission in Kondoa District (Dodoma Region) residents of Dodoma and around saw the potential of a lucrative business as the crop proved to be doing very well in the semi-arid areas.

Available records of the time show that Rev Father Andrea Krieger, the Passionist Father from Italy, made a successful experiment to introduce the crop in Dodoma, now Tanzania's administrative capital.

Extract ID: 3895

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Extract Author: Daniel Benno Msangya, Dar es Salaam
Page Number: 03
Extract Date: 1957

Erengo Maggion experiments

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In 1957, another priest, Erengo Maggion, who was transferred to Bihawana, then the Catholic headquarters of the Diocese of Dodoma, made another experiment which was considered successful and encouraged the missionaries to construct a small plant - winery - which still exists.

Extract ID: 3896

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Extract Author: Daniel Benno Msangya, Dar es Salaam
Page Number: 04
Extract Date: 1963

After Independence

Copyright © 2001 African Church Information Service. Distributed by allAfrica.com. For information about the content or for permission to redistribute, publish or use for broadcast, contact the publisher.

Immediately after independence in 1961, Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere, now deceased, visited the place and was very much impressed with the plant. He requested the missionaries to assist the introduction of grapevine production in Dodoma region by providing planting materials and expertise.

Isanga prison, the oldest institution in Tanzania started with only four acres in 1963 and after three years the crop was gradually introduced to the five villages namely Mpunguzi, Msalato, Nala, Nkulabi and Mundemu.

The National Service Camp at Makutupora near Dodoma town also accepted the idea thus increasing the acreage and the yields rising high from the grapes to be consumed fresh as table grapes to wine production.

The first government institution to invest much in wine production was Isanga prison which was prompted to construct a winery plant in 1969. The company, well-known and famous in Africa, was later the sole buyer of grapes for wine processing.

"Dodoma Wine Company DOWICO will not easily be forgotten in the history books of grapevine production in Tanzania," says Job Lusinde, the former Cabinet Minister and retired diplomat in a special interview.

"In setting up of a winery," Lusinde said, "DOWICO bought grapes from farmers, established a research centre to determine appropriate types of grapes of wines and encouraged more and more farmers to come forward and open grape farms".

Extract ID: 3897

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Extract Author: Daniel Benno Msangya, Dar es Salaam
Page Number: 05
Extract Date: 1969

Vineyard State Farm

Copyright © 2001 African Church Information Service. Distributed by allAfrica.com. For information about the content or for permission to redistribute, publish or use for broadcast, contact the publisher.

In 1969 the Ministry of Agriculture also established a vineyard state farm of 126 acres adjacent to Vineyard Research and Training Centre VRTC at Makutupora. The vineyard produced grapes for selling and revenue accrued taken by the Treasury.

The Vineyard State Farm was later given to the Dodoma District Development Corporation (DODIDECO). The corporation produced 31,280 litres of red wine in the first year.

The production raised up to 1.2 million litres in 1986 when another smaller winery called Capital General Manufactures reflected the grapes purchases vis-a-vis wine production before the two major factories were closed down.

During the villagisation period (1970-1976), villages were stimulated and urged by government authorities to establish both communal and individual vineyards. This was the only period of steady expansion of vineyards in Dodoma region, both rural and urban.

The era witnessed the villages competing on production and growing of the grapes while becoming economically stronger to the extent of buying village buses, trucks, tractors and moving into decent houses from tembe, a local hut with a thatched roof, and accumulating wealth on communal basis.

Individual farmers with vineyards also had their living standards raised including Magge Matonya's family.

Reverend Father Gaula, the Vicar General of Dodoma Diocese and Rector of Bihawana Seminary, currently the main grower of grapes and producer of red wine maintains the standard of production. He points out that the early success of this crop in Dodoma "was mainly an outcome of intense efforts by religious institutions".

In his brief observation, Gaula focuses back to a period of some 30 years: Between early 1960s and the late 1980s when grape farming in Dodoma was steadily becoming a dependable cash crop to the peasants.

"Grape farmers were indeed making money at that period but today the acreage has dropped down," Gaula noted.

Extract ID: 3898
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