Arusha Times

2005

Book ID 861

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See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Date: May 2005

American Jazz Master to Record Album of Maasai Songs

(This clip came from Ejazz News - see link)

He is likely to get his backing singers from Ngorongoro.

The famous US jazz musician, Richard Reiter who visited Arusha last March, has expressed his wish to return in the region and record Maasai songs in an album compilation which is to be pressed onto a special CD release.

Reiter revealed this recently in America, explaining that the idea struck him after a night of unplugged performance with the Maasai people in Ngorongoro area. It was a rather hilarious music session where pans and pots were used as drums.

In 1999, musician Richard Reiter traveled to Senegal in West Africa, hoping to play his saxophone and flute with local bands, as well as studying traditional drumming. He didn't know what would happen, but his trip was successful beyond his wildest dreams.

He played with three bands in their homes, nightclubs and hotels. This in-spired him to form a new band, the Richard Reiter Afro-Jazz Project, and record the CD, "I Hear Africa" with 12 new Reiter compositions.

He returned to New Jersey with authentic djembe and djun djun drums and a knowledge of African rhythms that motivated him to become a leader of drum circles, including his monthly "Spiritual Drumming" circle sponsored by the Outpost in the Burbs at First Congregational Church.

So it was no surprise when Reiter decided it was time to return to Africa and last March he and his wife, Susan, traveled to Tanzania where once again his experiences surpassed his hopes. While browsing in a craft market in Arusha, he was shocked to hear music from his second CD, "Point of No Return."

It turns out that one of his safari guides, named Kiago, had the CD and asked an employee to play it, hoping to discover that this was the same Richard Reiter. A friend in Denmark had sent the CD to Kiago. Reiter felt very successful internationally.

But the most emotional events lay ahead. Reiter visited a Maasai village in the Ngorongo Crater area. At night, three Maasai warriors came to help guard Reiter's camp. They looked like men you wouldn't want to tangle with, Reiter said in a release.

Reiter started playing his flute and the three men started smiling and laughing, looking at the flute trying to figure out where the music was coming from. Reiter let them push the keys (to change notes) and try to flow the flute. Then Susan gave them pots and pans and Reiter taught them a basic rock drum beat to accompany his flute playing. The most fun was when they sang songs and Reiter joined in on the flute.

Reiter stated, "I was so moved by now music instantly bonded us together. These Maasai men live so differently from us, yet we hugged each other like brothers and they said they would hold us in their hearts until we returned."

The next day Reiter accompanied a group of Maasai girls as they sang songs. They also loved trying to play the flute. Happily, Reiter recorded all this music-making and plans to use the recording to inspire his next CD project of new compositions.

Reiter, an Emmy Award-winning composer, also plans to return to Tanzania and record enough Maasai singing to fill a CD, then experiment with over dubbing his flute, saxophone, and perhaps instruments such as bass, guitar and drum set.

Richard Reiter is a nationally acclaimed jazz performer and composer, whose music has also reached international audiences. Reiter performs ten woodwinds: saxophones (soprano, alto, tenor, baritone), flutes (C-flute, alto flute, bass flute), clarinets (Bb soprano, Bb bass clarinet), and piccolo.

He improvises exciting solos that are emotional, adventuresome and thoughtfully structured. The four CDs by his contemporary jazz group (originally called Crossing Point, now called The Richard Reiter Afro-Jazz Project) received rave reviews and steady national air play.

The fourth CD "I Hear Africa" and the recording "Swing This!" by The Richard Reiter Swing Band are both on Reiter's label City Pigeon Records, as is his latest CD "Live at China Gourmet."

"Music brings people together and proves how much we all want to trust and care for each other," Reiter summed up later.

Extract ID: 5086

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: By Our Correspondents
Page Number: 353
Extract Date: 22 Jan 2005

After fierce clashes, Maasai and Sonjo now agree to live in peace

The Maasai and Sonjo tribes have agreed to bury their ages-old hostilities after the recent violent clashes that claimed human lives and destruction of property worth millions of shillings.

A meeting convened by the Arusha regional leadership last week in Loliondo, which involved traditional leaders of both communities, resolved that tribal clashes between the two groups should now come to an end.

An accord to end hostility and violent clashes between them was signed by 25 elders from each side in the presence of the Regional Commissioner Mohamed Babu, Ngorongoro District Commissioner Captain Asseri Msangi, District Executive Director Nicholas Kileka, village leaders and conflict resolution experts from the Irish embassy in Dar es Salaam.

Violent clashes between the two neighbouring groups erupted last June over grazing land and livestock theft. Accounts by villagers interviewed by journalists who visited the area recently indicated that some individuals were killed, scores injured, many families uprooted after their houses were torched and livestock forcibly driven away.

Many people have been killed since 1880s in violent clashes pitting the Maasai, a cattle herding tribe which constitutes 80 per cent of Ngorongoro district's population of 140,000 and a tiny but fierce Sonjo tribe whose population is estimated to be 14,000.

It was agreed at a two-day meeting that the boundaries of all 37 villages in the district be re-drawn in order to avoid further clashes on grazing and farming areas for the two tribes.

The meeting resolved that livestock theft one of the main sources of the age-old conflict, should come to an end forthwith and that the police and other security organs should intensify security in Salle and Loliondo divisions to ensure there was no recurrence of bloody fighting.

The Regional Commissioner said the government would assist people rebuild their houses and cattle bomas which were torched during the clashes but insisted that there would be no compensation for property lost or destroyed and for people injured or killed.

Extract ID: 4969

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Elisha Mayallah
Page Number: 353
Extract Date: 22 Jan 2005

Lobo Lodge: An excellent base from which to explore the wild

‘Find and build a lodge of 150 beds somewhere between Keekorok and Seronera’, were the instructions given by Hallmark Hotel [Tanzania] Ltd to the architect’ in 1967. Construction started in 1968 and the lodge was ready for business towards the end of 1970.

The ridge in which the lodge was built was explored on foot by Robert Marshall, the Architect, and Peter Campbell, the Engineer. The site was selected after various encounters with buffaloes, who mainly patronize the area until now.

It is believed that selection of the area was to hide the lodge as much as possible from visitors in the Serengeti National Park, to conserve the natural surroundings, and yet to give the residents of the lodge – the feeling of camping out on a safari – in a natural setting while in fact their standard bedrooms are close by. Today, Lobo defining assets are the quality of its wildlife and appeal of its huge, underused landscape for safari ‘purists’.

The lodge is 1 degree and 50 seconds south of the equator and enjoys a temperate climate with cool mornings and warm afternoons. Rain is slight throughout the year apart from the seasonal wet periods of November and April / May.

In a country still awash with big game, few people know of this eerily quiet lodge, or if they do, it represents a place of dreams or nightmares. If you are wondering where to go on holiday, and looking to be pleasurably excited – look no further, Lobo is the destination!

Extract ID: 4968

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Charlotte Hill O’Neal
Page Number: 353
Extract Date: 22 Jan 2005

UAACC Film makers set to document Kolo Rock Paintings

The year was 2003 and I was drenched with sweat, my knees and back was aching and my palms were red with little cuts and scratches. My sister, Sharon, perhaps even more tired than me, had burst into tears at her accomplishment once we reached the top of the hill we had climbed. We both stood blankly staring, still a bit numb, at the blood coloured paintings that adorned the smooth surface of the rock caves exterior walls.

It didn’t really hit us, until we had drunk a couple of swigs of tepid water and felt our legs once again under us securely, that we were actually looking at the art work of somebody’s hand who had lived probably more than 5,000 years ago! I could hardly imagine the surreal reality of this event and stood grinning like a maniac with the thought.

How could something this old, something so exposed to the natural elements still be preserved to the point where we could actually make out the dreadlocked hair of the dancers and hunters and the bristling fur of their prey? Did the people in the community there in Kondoa, Dodoma Region, visit these sites regularly and recite the history to their children or do they leave admiration of this ancient phenomena to foreigners and city residents and old adventurers like myself?

Well, two young film makers, Anwary Msechu and Samwel Obae, both long time volunteer teachers at the United African Alliance Community Center UAACC, are set to explore these questions and more, in a new documentary film. And even better, they recently received news that they have been awarded a National Geographic All Roads Film Project seed grant for the film they proposed titled, History of the Warangi Tribe and Kolo Paintings!

This is an unprecedented opportunity for these young men not only as new African film makers but also it will prove to be a wonderful chance for people around the world to learn more about an important area of Tanzania that is not well known or documented.

Msechu and Sam are known around Arusha in their capacity as community activists, rappers, HIV/AIDS awareness trainers and directors of the UAACC based Kush Kemet Actors Group, but many people don’t know that these two enterprising and creative men have also been taking film making classes and even have a few films to their credit already, excerpts from one on the POV/PBS website, of all places! Talking about starting out with a BANG!

They had the privilege of studying briefly several months ago with an award winning director and cinematographer, Mr. Aaron Matthews of Philadelphia, U.S.A. picking up many helpful tips and techniques.

Presently Sam and Msechu are continuing their studies in film making and editing here at UAACC with Mr. Gaidi Faraji, a volunteer at UAACC who is also serving in the computer department. Additionally, Mr. Faraji who is from California, U.S.A., is working with Sam and Msechu to set up a music studio at UAACC that will serve many of the young musicians in Arusha, especially the underground artists who seldom get a chance to record in the few studios available in A town. The equipment to outfit a complete music studio was recently donated to UAACC by the Oklahoma Health Care Project which is based in America.

Extract ID: 4970

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Arusha Times Reporter
Page Number: 367
Extract Date: 30 April 2005

One killed as Loliondo tribal clashes erupt again

Fresh outbreaks of the notorious tribal clashes between Maasai and Sonjo tribes in Loliondo location of Ngorongoro district erupted again last week despite two peace agreements that were signed by leaders of both factions in a period of just six months.

The Arusha Acting Regional Police Commander, Godfrey Nzowa, said one person has been killed in the clashes. The fights razed the Oldonyosambu village where hundreds were injured and over 30 houses reduced to ashes.

Nzowa, who is also the Regional Crime Officer, named the deceased person as Kanusha Tungasi a 20-year old man from Jema village. Two seriously injured persons, who have been admitted at the Kilimanjaro Christian Medial Centre (KCMC) are: Kanyodori Kasunga (50) and William Samawa (25) all from the Sonjo ethnic group.

"When police arrived at the scene, the fighters from both sides escaped into the forest," Said Nzowa , adding that the situation in the village was somewhat calm at the moment.

Reports from Loliondo indicate that fresh clashes had erupted after the Maasai moranis from the Loita clan, allegedly invaded the Sonjo territory and stole therein, herds of cattle. The cattle have been recovered during the fight.

Clashes between the Loita clan of the Maasai and the Butime minority ethnic group popularly known as Sonjo, date back to the 18th century, but has erupted twice last year, claiming lives of five people, injuring others and reducing about 400 houses to ashes.

The rival ethnic groups, tried to end their cattle rustling and land disputes when 25 leaders from each faction signed a peace accord brokered by the Arusha Regional Commissioner, Mohamed Babu, in collaboration with the Ngorongoro District Commissioner, Mr Assery Msangi, the District Executive Director (DED), Mr Nicholaus Kileka, traditional leaders and experts from the Irish Embassy.

The agreement followed a two-day meeting held at the Ngorongoro District Council hall during which the two sides agreed to bury the hatchet, conduct a seminar on the new Land Act and to appoint a committee to supervise land demarcation for 37 villages involved in the conflict.

Both sides also agreed during the meeting that the two ethnic groups would have equal representation in the decision making machinery of the area, improving infrastructure of the area and improving security of the area so as to find a lasting solution for cattle rustling between the two ethnic groups.

No compensation was to be paid to lives or property lost as a result of the conflict and the government had been asked to put in place pipe water infrastructure in all affected areas.

A goodwill committee comprising members from both sides was to be appointed to educate the Loliondo residents on the peace deal and to convene regular meetings aimed at cultivating good neighbourhood relations among the Masai and Wasonjo.

The ethnic groups had in February this year signed their latest agreement to end the conflicts, which since 1880 are believed to have claimed about 5,000 lives.

The first agreement was reached mid September last year when 20 leaders from each faction converged for four days at the Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) Arusha campus in Ngaramtoni.

Representatives stormed out in disagreement at certain times during the SUA reconciliation talks, compelling the mediators, RC Babu, the Minister for Water and Livestock Development, Edward Lowasa, the Member of Parliament for Loliondo constituency, Mr Matthew Ole Timany, and other district leaders to split them into two working groups to tackle sensitive issues.

Extract ID: 5069

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Staff Reporter
Page Number: 367
Extract Date: 30 April 2005

Professor Saitoti vies for Ngorongoro seat

'Man of the Serengeti' says he's man of the people also.

Professor Tepilit ole Saitoti has come out in the open to declare that he is vying for the Ngorongoro Parliamentary seat in the forthcoming General Elections.

"My people want me and I know problems confronting my area", professor Saitoti told the Arusha Times when he visited the newspaper's offices on Tuesday.

Another contestant for the seat is Ole Timan who is the incumbent MP for the area and there are speculations that Ole Telele who is District Commissioner in one of the districts of southern Tanzania also wants that seat.

Professor Saitoti (not related to Kenya's former vice-president and now Minister for Education) was born in 1949 in a remote village called Olbalbal in Ngorongoro district.

An academician, backed by a strong and dazzling Curriculum Vitae, says that he is assured of victory because it's his people who want him.

Under his belt, Saitoti has a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Creative Writing which he obtained from Emerson College in Boston, Massachusetts, US and a Master of Science degree in Natural Resources from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, US.

Professor Saitoti, widely known and respected in academic circles, is author of two best selling books "Maasai" and "The Worlds of a Maasai Warrior" published by Randon House of New York.

Previously he had a fellowship at the prestigious Havard University and has lectured extensively all over the world. His tour included the Royal Geographical Society in London, Museum of Natural History in New York and Copenhagen University in Denmark.

His star shone much brighter when he starred in two National Geographic TV special films namely "Man of the Serengeti" and "Serengeti Diary".

Extract ID: 5068

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Dr. Chris Daborn
Page Number: 372
Extract Date: June 4 2005

Can wildlife survive without pastoralists?

Pastoralists have been described as the original Conservationists - which might be thought paradoxical when there is such an influential body of opinion that views Pastoralists as a threat to wildlife conservation. All the lands of Northern Tanzania that harbour the remnants of the once huge populations of wildlife are lands which, until comparatively recently, were also universally sustainably supporting Pastoralists. If pastoralism posed such a threat then why was such a diverse and abundant population of wildlife found in these lands? The reality is of course that Pastoralists do not pose a threat to wildlife. It has been shown, from as long ago as the first millennium BC, that wildlife can survive with Pastoralists. However if, as it now seems possible, pastoralism were to fail B the question that would need to be urgently addressed is - Can wildlife survive without Pastoralists?

Pastoralism is an eco-friendly practice that in Tanzania is rapidly approaching a crisis of sustainability. The core problem is one of an ever decreasing amount of watered rangeland to range on. It is generally accepted that Pastoralists are specialists at surviving on marginal lands which, due to inadequate and unevenly distributed rainfall, are semi-arid and largely unsuited to the cultivation of crops. In earlier times these semi-arid rangelands were left relatively undisturbed whilst cultivators concentrated their efforts of toil, tillage and pillage on the more fertile and higher rainfall areas. Rangelands, despite the problem of an inadequate distribution of water, lend themselves to a sustainable extensive system of livestock production. This system is so successful that for zero cost in imported materials more than 70% of the meat consumed in Tanzania [and Nairobi!] is produced by Pastoralists from the rangelands of North, West and Central Tanzania. This major contribution to the national economy seems curiously to receive very little if any recognition and the consequent paucity of institutional support, if not outright adverse policy environment, is inexorably bringing the system into crisis.

What makes the rangelands so productive and healthy for livestock is the quality of the grazing and the relatively low challenge from vector borne disease transmitted by ticks and tsetse flies. It can and has supported massive populations of livestock and wildlife. What is more the two populations are not, as so many believe, mutually exclusive. This is because livestock are largely grazers and wildlife are largely browsers. There is in fact a benefit in terms of an improvement in the quality and quantity of edible plant matter available if the two populations are allowed to integrate. Both Pastoralists and wildlife have long co-existed as living proof of this fact and thus it was normal to find large herds of livestock sharing and successfully exploiting the rangeland resource with equally large and diverse species of wildlife. The Pastoralists, as specialist extensive system livestock managers, have centuries of experience at managing the range and have developed knowledge and practices that sustain and improve the grazing and conserve the water sources B practises that the wildlife benefited from in equal measure.

So why are Pastoralists and their specialist range management skills so important for the survival of wildlife? The answer is that Pastoralists like wildlife depend on the range for their survival B though more immediately so. When pastoralism cannot be sustainably practised on the range, it is largely due to problems with the grazing or water and generally both together. In the past this problem was solved by moving to an area where the rains had been more favourable. 21st Century Pastoralists are being increasingly >fenced out= by various boundaries created by administrative borders, national parks, commercial farms and the ever encroaching cultivation. When movement or access to adequate grazing and water cannot take place the peoples we call Pastoralists can no longer survive on pastoralism - full stop. This reality is happening to an ever increasing area of what was once the extensive unfettered rangelands of East Africa. Without urgent interventions to create an enabling environment for the sustainability of the pastoralist system the practice will be gone B as soon as in our life time if not sooner!

The problems leading to the demise of pastoralism in the short term will also be faced by the wildlife in the medium to long term. In the short term the wildlife have the advantage that they can retreat back into the protected areas of the National Parks. But, if wildlife cannot freely access and graze on the rangeland that borders the National Parks they too will surely follow the Pastoralists into extinction. This is because the rangelands are essential for successful breeding and for ensuring a necessary mixing of genes which occurs when populations from different locations meet. Isolate one population of wildlife in one National Park from another population in another National Park, by making the intervening rangeland a no-go area, and this vital process of intermixing of genes will not occur leading to genetic weakening, loss of important survival characteristics and the eventual prospect of a non-viable population.

At the centre of this issue is the impact of activities affecting the capacity of the range to support both grazing and browsing herbivores. The success of Pastoralists in exploiting this resource is an indicator of the capacity of the resource to support herbivore production. If Pastoralists are unsuccessful at producing livestock due to rangeland conditions then for the same reasons wildlife will be adversely affected. If action is not taken, sooner rather than later, the current progressive loss of the rangeland resource to support large populations of grazing animals will result in irreversible losses of those populations. We need an informed debate leading to the adoption of a strategic action plan that will secure the productivity of the range and all the communities that depend on it for their sustenance. If pastoralism should fail through the loss of access to adequate grazing and water from the rangeland resource the same forces will inevitably lead to a progressive decline in the wildlife population. This projected decline in wildlife numbers will pose a direct threat to the sustainability of the vitally important tourist industry and then it will be realised, but too late, that Wildlife really cannot survive without Pastoralists!!

Dr. Chris Daborn works with Tropical Veterinary Services, Karatu, Tanzania

Extract ID: 5073

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Valentine Marc Nkwame
Page Number: 375
Extract Date: 25 June 2005

Hans Meyer family plans homage expedition

The German professor was the first European to scale Kilimanjaro

The descendant family of Professor Hans Meyer, from Leipzig Germany, the first European to scale Mount Kilimanjaro in 1889, is planning to make homage to the late explorer at the peak of the highest mountain in Africa.

The news is widely circulating around the Kilimanjaro area where tour guides, porters and Mountain climbers are looking forward to the German family expedition. No exact dates have been mentioned for the expedition.

The expedition news has also reached the management of the historical Kibo Hotel, in West Marangu, where Prof. Hans Meyer and his crew stayed during their Pre-historic Mountain climbing expedition, which took place on the 6th of October 1889. Kibo Hotel is one of the oldest Hotels in the Northern Zone.

Julita McNeese, the current Kibo Hotel Manager, admits to have heard of the Hans Meyer's planned family expedition, adding that it was likely to take place very soon. She however said the entourage hasn't made any reservations at the Hotel yet.

A large black and white portrait of Hans Meyer hangs at the Kibo Hotel lobby, together with that of Yohana Lauwo, his first guide. The Hotel with 35 rooms, is over 120 years old now. It was first built by a German family in Association with the powerful charismatic Chagga leader, Chief (Mangi) Marealle.

Although huge mountains had been known to exist in Northern Tanzania, no one had actually traveled inland to account for it until the 1800's. Mount Kilimanjaro had been thought to be the source of River Nile and a Mountain of mystery - the mystery being a snow capped Mountain in Africa.

Africa was by then thought to be a continent of savages, thus stories about the continent were often down played. With colonization, came European missionaries, who traveled inland to preach their religion.

In 1846, Dr. Ludwig Krapf and Johann Rebmann landed at the coast of Kenya and set up a mission at Rabai, close to the town of Mombasa. In 1849, both Krapf and Rebmann confirmed their sightings of the great Mountain on their trip inland. Reports about the Mountain were received by the Royal Geographical Society, which prompted a great debate about the accuracy, about the height and possibility of snow capped mountains in Africa.

In 1861, Richard Thornton attempted the first climb. The Mountain was new to him and thus had a difficult time penetrating through the second zone. Also the weather did not cooperate, which eventually forced him down.

In 1862, Otto Kersten and Baron Von der Decken attempted the climb. They climbed over 15,000 feet but were forced down because of what was described to be the effect of bad weather.

In 1887, a German Geologist Professor and explorer, Hans Meyer attempted the climb and was successful in reaching the Kibo peak.

In 1889, Hans Meyer again, this time with an Austrian alpinist, Ludwig Purtscheller arranged an expedition to reach the summit of Kibo. It is stated that there were over 60 people in total including porters.

Meyer and Purtscheller were successful in their climb. They named the summit Kaiser Wilhem Spitze, a record that is still displayed in many maps found in Tanzania. The country is a former German colony.

Extract ID: 5075

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Valentine Marc Nkwame
Page Number: 375
Extract Date: 25 June 2005

Pre-colonial bunker discovered in Kilimanjaro

It is over 300 years old and extends more than one kilometer below the ground

An underground cave believed to be over 300 years old and which was being used as a war hideout bunker, during the Pre-Colonia Africa, has been discovered in the Rural-Moshi district of the Kilimanjaro region.

The cave, which is about 20 feet deep and extends for more than a kilometer below the ground, is almost an underground village in its own right, being equipped with sleeping chambers, kitchens, cattle pens, sitting and dining rooms, conference halls and 'mortuaries.'

The historical cave is located in the Komakundi village, of the Mamba ward at Vunjo location, an area located at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro, within the Rural-Moshi District. At the moment the 300 year-old underground grave is under the custody of the Makundis, a local family residing in the Area.

The residents in the area revealed that the cave was one of about eight other caves that were being used as hideout residences during the pre-colonial civil wars among local tribes especially between the Chagga people and the Maasai.

The Maasai, according to local history, loved to raid Chagga communities and rob therein of their cattle under claims that the animals were actually their rightful possessions bestowed to them by the gods since the first day of earth creation.

As the Chagga men went out to battle, women, children, old people and the disabled would be concealed in the caves that are also full of supplies. Cattle, goats, sheep and other animals were also hidden in the underground sheds.

This particular cave, according to the villagers, belonged to the Kwalaka clan. The other caves in the area, were reported to have caved in with time, but the Kwalaka cave, apparently, has been able to withstand the test of time.

Mrs. Stella Goodluck Makundi aged around 40 years, is the widowed wife of one of the clan descendants. Her husband, Goodluck Makundi Kwalaka, died several years ago, leaving her with two children.

A newly established local Cultural Tourism Programme (CTP) in the area, recently discovered and included the cave among its visit itineraries in which, interested visitors will now be paying US$3 (Or Tsh.3000), to view and actually enter into the dark cave.

From the fees, the widow hopes that in future she may be able to meet the staggering costs of educating her two children. The oldest, a girl is currently in Secondary school, while the other, a boy is at Primary level.

Ombaeli Makundi aged 36 years, is one of the 6th generation offsprings in the Kwalaka clan and currently serves as guide and Historian for the Komakundi cave. His family has constructed a traditional hut to house the cave opening. This hut is constantly kept under lock and key.

A wooden frame ladder leads down into the dark cave and the first sight one faces is a gate and guard room, after which a long corridor leads to other compartments, the faint-hearted usually never dare venture further beyond the gate.

"Even during the old times, the cave opening was concealed under the bed, in one of the family houses and covered with a traditional cow-hide carpet." Said Makundi. The other end of the cave opened at the bank of Kiwindwe River, located about a kilometer away.

"The cave was dug from the river bank, so that water could carry away soil that was being scooped out from the hole." He explained, adding that, the cave tunnel was also dotted with ventilators.

Efforts to illuminate the historical cave with modern electric bulbs have proved futile because all the bulbs that were being installed kept bursting a few seconds after being placed. As the result, visitors will now have to do with spot lights.

A Mountain Guide with Safari Leisure Tour Operators based at Kinukamori Water Falls at Marangu, Alpha Moshi, said the tourists for Cultural packages keep increasing. CTP, founded by the Netherlands Development Organization (SNV) may be only six years-old, but is out to overtake the mainstream, wildlife tourism.

Moshi explained that a number of foreign visitors who come to scale Mount Kilimanjaro often have relatives who prefer to explore local traditions of the area, by living with local people and performing local activities such as cooking local dishes and listening to local folklore.

Extract ID: 5076

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Valentine Marc Nkwame
Page Number: 377a
Extract Date: 9 July 2005

Thick smoke clouds Arusha City launch

Elsewhere fireworks would have been lit to mark the occasion, but for the Arusha's city launching ceremony, a thick, dark and pungent smoke, clouded the entire affair. The fumes sent most of the people, who had turned up at the fete held at the Mbauda market area, into uncontrollable fits of coughs.

The new Arusha City status, which became effective on Friday, the 1st of July 2005 was celebrated with a low scale event at the open space in Mbauda area where market auctions normally take place. Arusha was declared a township in 1948.

The smoke which clouded the venue was coming from a giant vehicle tire, which had been set on fire at the venue so that the local fire brigade could put it off, during an orchestrated live demonstration, that was to be displayed at the arena, among other shows.

The Municipal Fire brigade, normally accused of being slow, was also noted to arrive late, even to their own demonstration, such that by the time their trucks arrived, the guest of honor, who happened to be the Arusha Regional Commissioner, Mohamed Babu, had already taken onto the stage to deliver a speech, amid the smoke.

The fire brigade trucks, with sirens at full blast had therefore to be stopped before entering the venue, so that the speakers, including the Regional Commissioner, could continue with their speeches, without interference. Meanwhile, the large tire continued to burn endlessly, emitting thick clouds of the dark carbon monoxide fumes.

When however the smoke got thicker and people started to vacate the market place, the firemen were finally allowed to put off the burning tire. The exercise again, proved to be not so easy either, since the water jets from the fire brigade trucks kept missing their target, ending up drenching unwitting spectators instead.

By the time the tire fire was quenched, confusion and chaos had reigned. Apparently, there were many people at the venue, who had shown up for various other reasons as well. The Mbauda Bi-Weekly market is normally held every Mondays and Fridays, thus the attendance at the Arusha City launching fete also had a lot to do with ordinary traders and shoppers.

Most of the official speeches, including the Council's financial report being presented by the Municipal Director, Noah Mwaikuka, went unheard at the rather noisy gathering. It is not clear why local leaders decided to celebrate the city launch in Mbauda instead of the town stadium.

Friday, the 1st of July, was also the inaugural, 'Local Government Day!' which is set to be an annual national holiday to be marked countrywide on each first day of July.

Apart from the Regional Commissioner, other distinguished guests were the Arusha District Commissioner, Fulgence Saria, Municipal Mayor, Paul Lotta Laizer and Municipal Director, Noah Mwaikuka, including other local ward counselors.

On the same day, the Arumeru District Council was upgraded to attain municipal status, while other two municipal councils of Tanga and Mbeya were also transformed into cities. RC Babu said Arusha urban now stands to wield more local authority than it used to be in the past.

With a population of less than 300,000 Arusha is yet to meet the international requirement of 400,000 residents, necessary for a town to be accredited with such urban status. However, it is being speculated that, the fact that the area hosts a number of international institutions such as the UN-ICTR and the EAC, it was a politically correct reason to award it the status.

Extract ID: 5077

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Valentine Marc Nkwame
Page Number: 377b
Extract Date: 9 July 2005

Arusha: Township to City

The new Arusha City status, which became effective on Friday, the 1st of July 2005 was celebrated with a low scale event at the open space in Mbauda area where market auctions normally take place. Arusha was declared a township in 1948.

. . . .

With a population of less than 300,000 Arusha is yet to meet the international requirement of 400,000 residents, necessary for a town to be accredited with such urban status. However, it is being speculated that, the fact that the area hosts a number of international institutions such as the UN-ICTR and the EAC, it was a politically correct reason to award it the status.

Extract ID: 5078

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Staff Reporter
Page Number: 378
Extract Date: 16 July 2005

Rotary gives Rev. Simonsen highest award

Reverend Dave Simonsen who arrived in Tanzania with his wife Eunice in 1956 and since then worked as missionaries in Maasai land has been awarded, a Paul Harris Fellowship, the highest award that Rotary can bestow.

He was presented the award last Wednesday at a colourful function organised by the Rotary Club of Arusha at the New Mount Meru Hotel.

Presenting the award, past chairperson of the Club, Ms Faye Crane said never before has the club awarded a more deserving Paul Harris Fellow.

During his service as a missionary in Maasailand, Reverend Simonsen raised over US Dollars 7 million building 2,500 class rooms climaxing the international famous Maasai Girls School in Monduli. The establishment of the school also has rotary input.

As soon as he arrived, Rev. Simonsen quickly won the Maasai respect and became a warrior when he alone faced a man killer furious charging lion shooting it and saving the villagers lives.

For years, his wife Eunice ran a back door clinic from their home tending thousands of children and adults giving what medicine she could, counselling and above all love.

Besides carrying out his duties as a missionary, Rev. Simonsen, honorary Rotarian, was the founder of Operation Bootstrap, a fund raising project with an annual walk in their home town of Minnesota while every three years inviting American fund raiser friends to join him on an 8 day 200-mile trek from Loliondo to Arusha.

Extract ID: 5080

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Elisha Mayallah
Page Number: 380
Extract Date: 31 July 2005

The New Safari Hotel - a blend of comfort and tranquillity

Once the home of the famous hunters such as Robert Taylor, John Wayne and Hardy Kruger, the Safari hotel was masterfully managed for the English sisters Gladys and Margot Rydon by a pale-skinned Englishman named Ben Benbow.

The two sisters owned coffee farms in Arusha; Gladys lived in a magnificent mansion overlooking a mysterious crater lake called Duluti, east of Arusha. Margot's son, David was killed by a buffalo near Arusha in 1964.

Benbow was a professional hotelier down to his manicured fingertips and slicked-down hair. He was the only man at that time in Arusha who always wore a suit and tie. Among his dusty khaki-clad safari clientele, he stood out like a catwalk mannequin in the forest. Rotund, jovial and present when guests registered, day or night.

He was on a first-time basis with every hunter as well as with celebrity actors such as Robert Taylor, John Wayne and Hardy Kruger. During that time the walls around part of the hotel were decorated with framed and signed photographs of white hunters with their clients and trophies.

The Safari Hotel was so fascinating – more so when you learn more about how its character evolved like the scene in HATARI film in which the elephants barge into the hotel. It also happened that the famous film star stayed at the hotel when making the movie. The present-day architectural evokes images that sparkle with unique stay of an exhilarating experience and the memories of the great hunter John Wayne as presented in the film.

The Safari Hotel has a quite a history right back from the last century, it went down as did other old hotels in Arusha, and when it was reborn early last year, it was refurbished extensively leaving no feeling of old but brought in an independent present.

The Safari Hotel [which has now added the adjective 'New"] is strategically located in the heart of Arusha City. It is closer to the famous Clock Tower round about, which is the centre between Cape Town and Cairo. Lately, it has become the starting point for the new face of Arusha City. It is used as a starting or finishing point for music festivals, drama and provides a good City tour for the newly-weds. Nearby there are women selling Maasai beads ornaments, local batiks and sweet bananas while the actual round about is patronised by newspaper sellers, all day-long.

From the hotel which is opposite the Telephone House is a walking distance to the airlines offices, natural history museum, banking facilities, the District and Regional Commissioner's offices, Tanzania Revenue Authority offices, curio shops, Insurance Companies, Bureau de Change', Coffee Bar and the Arusha International Conference Centre [AICC], where the headquarters of the East African Community [EAC], International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda [ICTR] and East African Legislative Assembly [EALA] are based.

First impressions of the hotel may give the guest suggestions of a four-star service levels, which has no pretensions beyond its vision – simply superior!

Truly, it is an honest hotel, I cannot think of any other hotel in Arusha that can rival this one for its odd taste, which offers a blend of comfort and tranquillity. The Safari hotel was a four-story rectangular box-built of stone and concrete and in its time the interior was comfortably appointed with lofty rooms. Even today, while the New Safari Hotel has sunk into obscurity with the coming of newer hotels, one cannot help notice the high standard of architecture and design.

Until recently, Arusha had just been a place for quick stop-over before venturing into the famous safaris adventures of Serengeti, Ngorongoro, Manyara, Mount Kilimanjaro or Tarangire, it appeared lackluster. But there seems to be a new spirit of revival and hotels like The New Safari Hotel that had faded into insignificance are now showcases of the modern revival.

In its Arusha clear beautiful morning, Mount Meru, the fifth highest mountain in Africa, is seen in full view from the Hatari Terrace located in the first floor of the hotel with Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa beautifully seen in a far horizon. The Hatari Terrace has become a popular rendezvous for private tête-à-tête, conference groups and tourists briefings, who enjoy the fresh air ambience in total.

The hotel, itself full of hunters' tale of old, sits on its flanks overlooking modern-day Arusha basking in its limelight as one of the best hotels in the country. Standing in the cool reception area, I realize for the first time that the hotel is quiet, restful place and ideally for private and business conversations. Someone once told me that the simple recipe for a grand hotel is; more of its quietness, heavy furnishings, reasonable lights with the atmosphere quite solemn, and The New Safari Hotel reflects exactly that!

The hotel offers pleasurable accommodation facilities with a choice of 46 elegant and spacious rooms and 2 de luxe suites – all fitted with highly secured in-room safety gadgets, TV and a minibar. In addition, the hotel offers state-of-art meeting rooms for seminars, workshops and conferences all year-round. It's Flamingo, Tanzanite, Gombe and Twiga meeting rooms, are used repeatedly as a conference gatherings.

The food in the Malaika Restaurant is varied and plentiful, especially the lunches. For buffets there is a wider choice of intercontinental sumptuous dishes plus the local favourites.

It also serves as a breakfast room where chilled fresh fruits and juices; varied fresh fruits, cereals and pastries are arranged on a buffet table, and you can order eggs done to your liking [boiled, fried, scrambled or omeletted] and help yourselves with bacon, baked beans, toast, jam or marmalade tomato and sausages – all helped down with hot coffee or tea. How can you beat that at the start of the day? Or in the middle of the day if it takes your fancy? The buffet breakfast in the restaurant is splendid.

Nearer to the welcoming hotel' reception lobby is a cosy, lavish, comfortable and modern internet café, enticing with its spacious area. That is where after the wonderful tour, I retreated with my newspapers and a coffee mug.

Extract ID: 5081

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Terri Rice
Page Number: 381
Extract Date: 6 Aug 2005

Yet another private theatre-of-nature

This week I would like to share another of my favourite memories with you. This story is about the week which I spent with my husband camping out in a wooden cabin on the floor of Ngorongoro Crater. Hugo needed more sound recordings and film footage for a documentary which he was completing about lions. We settled into the cabin with our gear and set off to search for the hunters. These we soon found in the form of two lionesses, one of whom had four small cubs in her den area. Every day, just before sunrise, they would make their leisurely way down to the river, where they knew that many zebra and wildebeeste would come to drink, and hid themselves from sight in the surrounding undergrowth. They were not disturbed by our escorting them; Hugo had a great love and respect for all wild creatures and never approached them directly, always following at a discrete distance. Unfortunately, some safari drivers had no such scruples and would make a lot of noise, trying to spot the "big cats" for their tourists' cameras. Invariably one of the lionesses would raise her head to see what had shattered the peace, the about-to-drink grazing animals would depart in great haste on flying hooves, the lionesses would lose their lunch and the tourists would get their lion shots (they never seemed to realize that a little more time, silence and patience would in all probability have rewarded them with much more exciting lion-kill photos). We tried hard not to attract these drivers' attention to the river, using the ploy of parking some distance away, pointedly fixing our binocular sights on the weavers and other birds chattering and warbling up in the trees and hoping to pass for a couple of avid ornithologists with no interest at all, thank you very much, in lions and such beasties.

This scenario was enacted daily and it was sad to follow our lovely lion ladies in the evening light as they wended their way home, disappointment and hunger almost palpable on the air. Especially sad was when the mother female reached her lair with nothing for the bounding-out, hoping-for-food, cubs. However, there was a happy ending (for the lions and me at any rate - if not for the photographer!). Let me digress first to the sound recording tale.

Just before sunset one day, we drove over to a small hill where 5 lions were wont to hang out, laze about and generally do the accepted male thing of waiting to spot one of their wives making a kill. When this happened they would lumber down from their watch-tower hill and take over the "lions share". They looked well-fed as we drove near and merely blinked the odd eye at us before dropping back off to sleep. Recording equipment at the ready, we sat silently and waited. Just as the sun was setting, painting its beautiful farewell colours across the sky, one of the lions awoke, yawned, stretched and ... began to roar. One by one, the others slowly followed his example. The sound was incredible, their roars seeming to echo back from the caldera walls. For me it was awesome and hair-raising; my knees somehow seemed to turn to jelly and the hairs rose up on the nape of my neck. I was no longer in a Land Rover but in some strange time warp, taken back to the beginning of time. The feeling of oneness with nature was indescribable.

Happy with his recordings, Hugo decided to give up on the lion kill shots and head back to his beloved Serengeti. Accordingly, we awoke early on our last Crater day, stowed everything away in the appropriate boxes in the back of our vehicle; mattresses, unused food supplies, rubbish to be disposed of later and (note this) cameras, lenses, etc. Have you guessed my ending? The sun was just rising as our route took us past the river. Hugo wanted to press on but agreed to stop for me to have one last long look at what was really one of the most beautiful sunrises I had so far seen. But somebody was there before us. Some bodies were already there before us. The quiet drinking of grazing animals suddenly shattered into panic as two lean yellow bodies erupted from their hiding place, leapt on a young wildebeeste and brought him down without further ado. It was very mean of me to grin at the expression on my husband's apoplectic face as he groped blindly around for a too late, too far, too boxed-up camera.

The lionesses then did some amazing things. They both ripped into the belly of their meal, covering their faces with blood but not really eating. The mother then took off at a trot, to return some small time later proudly leading her young ones to the spot where she had brought down their dinner. The look on her face was one of almost human dismay when it was - not there! The cubs repeatedly and excitedly leapt at her bloodied face; "where is it then? Where? A sudden low growl directed them to where the other lioness had dragged the kill into and under some bushes (to hide it from the menfolk of the pride?) and all ended well as they piled in and proceeded to stuff themselves silly.

My respect for the in-charge lioness knew no bounds; her self-control in refraining from eating until the others returned was truly amazing. We left them to it, and slowly drove towards the Crater exit road, reaching it just as the tourist vehicles started slowly winding their way down the entrance path. I hugged to myself the warm feeling of being blessed again with yet another private theatre-of-nature experience and kept smiling like an idiot all the way home. Have a good week!!

Extract ID: 5082

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: lute wa lutengano
Page Number: 382
Extract Date: 13 Aug 2005

Truly! Arusha Has Come of Age

I was absolutely amazed to read an extract on sport from a 1929 brochure "Arusha: A Brochure of the Northern Province and its Capital Town." The extract on page 21 reads, "The best traditions of British sportsmanship are followed in Arusha and the Northern Province. Arusha itself has two Rugby Football Clubs and a team for the dribbling code, as well as a Cricket Eleven. There is also a Rifle Club while a Golf Course is being prepared on the local aerodrome."

It is amusing to also read about the then eastern expansion of the Arusha town from the Boma area. This expansion included the golf course. "To a sociologist it appeared difficult to justify the eviction of peasant cultivators living at a density of over 1000 to the square mile to give Europeans space to knock a small rubber ball around.

"But the town planners pointed out the desirability of having an open area between the low density housing and peasant cultivation to control the spread of disease, particular malaria." Now you know why the golf course separates the Corridor (Uzunguni) area and the native suburbs of Sekei and, Kimandolu and Kijenge. But that is not what I want to labour about here today.

The history of Arusha is marked by early international integration between locals, Europeans and Asians. Actually it all began with a steady influx of traders and farmers into Arusha in the 19th century, notably Indian traders, private German farmers and other Europeans.

The Germans (the colonial masters) had come up with several schemes to import settlers from bizarre backgrounds after conceiving an idealistic vision of a vast white settlement of their own construction. The fist of these plans back-fired when Boer farmers of German origin who had taken up the offer of free farmland proved too uncouth for the ideal community.

The grand scheme was revised: now 10,000 German peasants from settlements around the Volga Basin and Caucasus in Southern Russia were to be imported. The four families who arrived as test project were painfully disappointed to discover Arusha did not have four harvests a year, as they had been led to believe, and soon made their way to Tanga begging to be sent home, writes Annabel Skinner in Tanzania & Zanzibar.

In the end Arusha's medley of settlers moved in at their own accord, with the South African Dutch as farmers, the Greeks initially as railway contractors and farmers and, the Asians, as traders, clerical and professional workers. The Africans – you can guess to what category they belonged.

But the history of modern Arusha can not be complete without the mention of Kenyon Painter, an American millionaire banker from Ohio. Enchanted by Africa, he arrived in Arusha by ox wagon in 1907 to go on a 3-month hunting safari. He was without doubt one of the first paying clients to come out on safari to Tanganyika.

In the book 'Evolution of Hunting Hub' it says that at this time the town boasted only one tiny hotel bearing the name of its Jewish owner, 'Bloom's'. This was nothing more than a whitewashed, mud-brick building with a roof of corrugated iron sheets. "It had a dozen bedrooms, a chintzy lounge, and a bar cum dining room overlooking a fast snowmelt stream called the Themi [Temi] River."

Right next to the hotel was John Mulholland's store, a grocery store which dealt with everything from rhino horn and ivory tusks to trophies of every sort, along with the best groceries in town.

The influx of hunters and hunting clients started seriously around 1913. Their safari adventures mostly took them to the Serengeti. But seven years later, in 1920, an American arrived with a strange new contraption, which would eventually revolutionise the travel trade. The contraption was known as the Ford motorcar.

After German East Africa collapsed and Tanganyika was born, with Arusha being taken over by the British on 20 March 1916, Painter became one of the town's most significant investors, having invested over a million dollars in the area. He built Arusha's first post office, church and hospital.

In 1927, Painter acquired land on the south side of the 'Arusha Clock Tower', (donated by a Greek, Galanos), and started building the 'New Arusha Hotel' as there already was 'Arusha Hotel', previously known as 'Bloom's'.

In 1928, Ray Ulyate, owner of Meru Estate farm at Lake Duluti, leased the newly finished 'New Arusha Hotel' from Kenyon due to recession in coffee market prices. Amazingly the opening ball of the New Arusha Hotel was attended by among other notables, the Prince of Wales, Edward the 8th.

Another noted landmark addition to Arusha was the Safari Hotel. "Newer and fancier than the New Arusha it lacked the trout river frontage, lovely grounds and old-world charm of its rival." However it was masterfully managed by an Englishman, Ben Benbow, who was on a first name basis with every white hunter as well as with celebrity actors such as Robert Taylor, John Wayne and Harry Krugger that visited and stayed, during the filming of 'HATARI' in 1961.

And as they say the rest - for Arusha's growth - is history. Much as trout is also history to Themi [Temi] River – see how destructive we are – there are several new establishments in town which are striving in one way or another to promote this cosmopolitan spirit of Arusha.

Last week I was privileged to attend the first Jazz Pub in Arusha at Klub Afriko on Moshi-

Arusha road. It has that atmosphere which would jolt the emotions of any lover of Jazz music. That evening we were treated to jazz by such greats as Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, George Coleman, Ron Carter, Tony Williams, Louis Armstrong and the like.

And in a few weeks to come another unique and outstanding facility, the Friedkin Recreation Centre at Burka Coffee Estate, opposite the Arusha Airport will be opened - hopefully I will be invited to the function. The centre has world class sporting facilities including a Rugby field – Phew! At long last – cricket, soccer, tennis courts, a 30 m swimming pool and a gymnasium. Also available are two bars, a fine dining restaurant and lounge as well as a convenience store, hair salon and spa, laser firing range and ATM. The Friedkins, too an American family, bought the land and built the facility I am sure after also getting enchanted by Africa and Arusha in particular. Is this another Kenyon Painter? Truly! Arusha has come of age. L

Extract ID: 5085

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Mrs. Liz Holland
Page Number: 387
Extract Date: 17 Sept 2005

Disappointed to see animals in captivity near Boma museum

To the Editor,

I have recently visited your beautiful country with my husband for a return trip after 40 years of absence. Rod was brought up in Tanga where his father was the manager of TANESCO many years ago. We were able to see many animals in their natural habitat in the Ngorongoro crater and on the Serengeti Plain and were delighted with all the progress of your country.

We made a return trip to the schools my husband attended and were welcomed into the old family homes. On our final day we visited the Boma museum in Arusha but were so disappointed to see some animals in very contained accommodation which does not reflect your obvious concern for the animals in your country. A baboon was very isolated in addition to another monkey and a sole porcupine was just alone in a stone pen.

I do wonder what could be done to move these animals to more appropriate accommodation where they could live out their lives in happier accommodation. There are international organisations that may be able to advise you on how to move them and I am sure there may be a local sanctuary that could help them live a happier life.

It is too late for the animals that have been killed to support the taxidermy department and I would urge you to consider the future of that work too.

Editor, I would like you to publish my letter so that there may be a way forward to resolve the sad situation for these animals.

Extract ID: 5087

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Valentine Marc Nkwame
Page Number: 388a
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005

"Were there two Arusha Hotels in the early Nineties?"

The Arusha Hotel's family legend confusion 'Blooms' out again

"Were there two Arusha Hotels in the early Nineties?"

The legend behind The Arusha Hotel still goes on, but so is the confusion. This week, the great grand daughter of the person believed to have been the hotel's original owner, appeared in Arusha after traveling all the way from Canada to re-discover the former dwelling place for her earliest family members, tracing the family tree in the process.

Dana Bloom aged 26, is a Toronto-based, practicing lawyer, whose great grand father, Goodall Bloom together with his wife, Mrs Jane Bloom, then hailing from Manchester, England, is said to have owned and operated The Arusha Hotel since it was established in 1894, then standing as a twelve roomed, mud-walled, hut-like Inn, then known as the 'Bloom's Hotel.'

During those days, both Mr and Mrs Bloom used to live at the hotel premises, receiving and catering for their guests just like the old, road-side Inns, that have been immortalized in Charles Dickens' novels, for ages.

The couple's first born, named Jack Bloom, died in 1909 aged only 2 years old and was buried within the hotel grounds. This grave was among the landmarks that Dana managed to discover during her recent visit to The Arusha Hotel, early this week. Her story goes:

" In 1937 my grandfather, Algy Bloom traveled from England to come and visit his uncle, Mr Goodall Bloom who was running a hotel in Arusha town of Tanganyika." Apparently, Dana's grandmother, who was also on the trip, had collected a number of old letters and photographs that were taken in Arusha in the early days and kept them in her chest.

In addition to the hotel, the Blooms, were also said to have bought Selian coffee estate in the 50s. The couple had two sons; Judah and Poli. The former, Captain Judah Bloom was to run the estate until his death in 1957.

These souvenirs were only to be discovered at the turn of the new Millennium, about six years ago when the grandmother, Doris Bloom died. Dana's father, Brian Bloom who had by then already retired in Toronto Canada, flew back to England and collected all his mother's belongings, taking them to Canada.

"So I was going through my late grandmother's things and suddenly I came across those old pictures, some handwritten, mailed letters and I discovered The Arusha Hotel's family legend in which I happen to be part of," said Dana. "After the findings, I went to the Internet and searched for more information and here I am!"

With a compass being its trademark, The Arusha Hotel shouldn't be a difficult place to find, especially being located at the 'center point' between Cape Town and Cairo, but did Dana and her husband, Robert Klein (29) discover the right hotel?

Was there another 'Arusha Hotel?'

Raymond and Marjorie Ulyate, whose families were part of the original settlers that landed in South Africa in 1820 are on the other hand, said to be the original owners of The Arusha Hotel. Marjorie Borissow, who lives in Australia, is yet another grand daughter of this other 'former owner' and she also has her own story to tell as well:

"My grandfather and his family then went on and became some of the first pioneers around Kijabe in Kenya. Grandpa started taking people out on safari in the early 1900's. He worked for Newlands & Tarlton He even gets a mention in Theodore Roosevelt's Book Äfrican Game Trails" That was on the safari in 1910 ."

Grandpa bought Meru Estate near Lake Duluti after the first world war. When enemy property farms were being sold (German). They had that until one Mr K V Painter who was an American persuaded him to sell the farm and take over the 'New Arusha Hotel!"

According to Marjorie, the original 'Arusha Hotel' was built opposite the "old man Blooms Arusha hotel!" Now her statement indicates that, there should have been two hotels that were located on the same grounds. The Blooms Hotel dates back to 1894. What about the Ray Ulyate's hotel?

"Reading from some of my Mum's notes." Says Marjorie. "She remembers that they had The Prince of Wales (first name in the visitors book) attended the opening ball in 1928. So I guess it was around this time when the hotel opened!"

Extract ID: 5089

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Page Number: 388b
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005


The Arusha Hotel as it looked in the early 1930s.

Extract ID: 5090

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Page Number: 388c
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005


"The hotel claiming to be the centre between Cape Town and Cairo"

Extract ID: 5091

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Page Number: 388d
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005


Dana Bloom (left) with her husband, Robert Klein.(Photo by Raymond John)

Extract ID: 5092

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Page Number: 388e
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005


Dana Bloom who flew from Toronto, Canada to retrace her roots in Arusha speaking to journalists at The Arusha Hotel on Monday. (Photo by Raymond John).

Extract ID: 5093

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Staff Writer
Page Number: 388f
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005

'Hatari' elephant's daughter returns with old memories

The daughter of the actor who played both 'The elephant' and 'Jackal' in the block busting movie, 'Hatari!' filmed here in the early 60s, was in Arusha this week. She rekindled the dramatic memories of that 'live' set in which real animals were used to wreck havoc in town.

Marylin Porter, formerly known by her maiden name as 'Nee Read,' said her father, the late, Norman Read who was a professional hunter, had been enlisted to play the role of 'animal voice personification,' in which he trumpeted like an elephant and laughed like a hyena.

"Because as soon as the elephants were brought to town, they refused to make any noise." On the other hand though the animals did their best in displaying cross-country skills as they run round the town and into supermarkets, not to mention the Safari Hotel where they caused plenty of mayhem.

During those days, Marylin alias Nee, was attending the Arusha school with her mates. After classes, she recalls, the girls used to cause as much tension as the elephants of Hatari did. "We would normally go into supermarkets and steal candy, sweets and biscuits," she admits.

"Hatari!" is the story of a group of men who lived around the Arusha Game Park and caught animals to be sent for overseas zoos. The actors include; John Wayne, who played the role of Sean Mercer, the head captor. Red Buttons who was "Pockets" the driver and Hardy Kruger, a German known in the film as Kurt.

In the movie, a photographer named Dallas (Elsa Martinelli) comes to spend a season and everyone is surprised (and delighted) to find that she is a woman, and a beautiful one at that. She goes out on hunts with the men and is attracted to Sean; he likes her, too, although he won't admit it. Pockets and Kurt fight over their old boss' daughter, Brandy, who is grown up now.

There is plenty of wild animal action (the actors really did catch the animals), plenty of fun, and innocent romance, too. John Wayne has one of his best roles as the rugged he-man who acts all dopey around a pretty girl. Miss Martinelli is very good as the Italian beauty who falls hard for Sean and is the object of two baby elephants' affections, as well.

"Elsa was horrible!" Said Marilyn, explaining that the actor was as bad-tempered in real life as she was in the movie. After completing school, Marilyn worked part-time as a receptionist at The New Arusha Hotel, before leaving for Zambia then later on Zimbabwe and finally Botswana where she got married. Nee now lives in Australia.

"I constantly come to Arusha to visit my uncle who lives at Ngongongare location of Arumeru, around Momella," she said. Her uncle is none other than David Read, the brains behind the outstanding book titles: 'Barefoot over Serengeti,' ' Beating about the Bush,' ' Waters of the Sanjan' and the recently released, 'Another Load of Bull.'

Marilyn had a few things to say about his uncle as well. "He is always in a hurry, hardly settles." She reveals. But David Read remained unperturbed by such remarks.

Extract ID: 5094

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Page Number: 388g
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005


The daughter of the "Hatari elephant", Marilyn also known as Nee Read with her uncle, the famous author, David Read, sharing a joke at The New Arusha Hotel. (Photo by Raymond John)

Extract ID: 5095

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Page Number: 388h
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005


The movie "Hatari" filmed in Arusha and starring John Wayne has been the all time classic since its release over 40 years ago.

Extract ID: 5096

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Page Number: 388i
Extract Date: 24 Sep 2005


An elephant enters into the New Safari Hotel during the filming of "Hatari".

Extract ID: 5097

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Extract Author: Valentine Marc Nkwame
Page Number: 390
Extract Date: 8 Oct 2005

Mwalimu Nyerere: "How I weep for Arusha Declaration!"

"The Dark Side" Weekly Column

Last week. I had this rather terrible nightmare, in which I dreamt that I was dead! Now, as fate would have it, when I awoke I discovered that I was indeed very dead .... Kaput! And what's more? My dead soul had already arrived in the land of the dead, wherever that was.

Since it was still morning and being a stranger in that land of the dead, I went into a nearby Café, where I intended to order Coffee, then while at it, also ask for some directions. Coincidentally, it happened to be the same Café in which former African leaders liked to take their breakfast.

The first one to arrive was Mwalimu Julius Nyerere. Mwalimu headed straight to my table and without even glancing, the former president of Tanzania sat down, put on his glasses and began perusing a little booklet which he had brought along. "I still can't find anything wrong with this!" He muttered to himself, shaking his head.

I craned my neck to have a look at the booklet's sleeve and to my surprise, it was written; 'The Arusha Declaration of 1967!' So I decided to greet him. "Shikamoo Mwalimu, I happen to come from Arusha, a town where that declaration was endorsed."

Nyerere looked up in surprise, extended his hand and shook mine strongly. Just then two more former African leaders joined us at the table, One being the former Congo president, Mobutu Sese Seko and the other was the former Field Marshall, Idi Amin Dada of Uganda. Nyerere introduced me to them. "Hello both of you! This fellow here comes from my former country!" He said.

"So! Which part of Tanzania do you happen to come from?" Asked Idi Amin Dada. He looked as well nourished as he always used to be, but this time more serene.

"Arusha!" I replied. " You know, that place which is alleged to be the center point between Cape Town and Cairo City."

"Is Arusha in Tanzania! Wasn't it supposed to be somewhere in Rwanda or Burundi?" Asked Mobutu, rather perplexed. He was still adorning a leopard skin over his shoulders.

"Arusha is in Tanzania you should know that!" retorted Mwalimu. "Maybe you got mixed up by the idea of the UN International Criminal Tribunal for the 1994 Rwanda genocide being based there and the fact that it was also where the Burundi Peace Negotiation Sessions were being held."

"Well, it could be," said Mobutu, still not very much convinced. " Anyway, what is new back there in the world? Do our people in Uganda; Tanzania and Zaire, still miss us?"

"Can't be so sure about that!" I replied. " Especially in Zaire. By the way, there is no Zaire, the country's name had been changed into the 'Democratic Republic of Congo,' or in short DRC!"

"Good gracious!" Yelled Mobutu. "What a long, exotic and cumbersome name, it makes tongues bleed to pronounce it."

"So did 'Mobutu-Sese- Seko-Kuku- Ngbendu-Wa- Za Banga," said another former African leader who had just joined us at the table. "The name also used to be quite long, weird and extremely cumbersome. In fact, many tongues, hearts, necks and other parts of human anatomies, shed pure blood, in the process of trying to pronounce it properly!" The newcomer who said this was none other than .... Laurent Desire Kabila, the founder of DRC.

"And, what is wrong with human anatomies bleeding?" asked Idi Amin. "They are supposed to!"

"Stop it now!" commanded Nyerere, banging on the table and spilling Mobutu's coffee. "This guy here has just arrived from Tanzania and I want him to tell us about the country, but all you seem to be doing here, is reminisce about your past bloody eras!" This statement certainly made the other fellows to shut up.

"Anyway there is nothing new about Tanzania save for the fact that, the country is about to hold its third Multiparty General Elections on October 30. There are ten presidential candidates from about eighteen political parties. However, your old pal, Justice Joseph Sinde Warioba thinks that, there is only one political party and the rest are just groups of whining people .... which they are!"

"I understand that this time a woman is also running for the presidency," sneered Field Marshall Idi Amin. "Don't you think this is stretching democracy rather too far?"

"No! I don't think so," shouted Canaan Banana from another table. The former ceremonial president of Zimbabwe was taking hot milk and sausages. "There is nothing wrong with a woman running for the presidency as long as she is not allowed to win. It helps convince foreign donors to continue pouring money in our coffers."

"Yeah!" Supported Mobutu. "What is important here is cash. An African leader needs money, gold and diamonds to run his hundred castles, feed his thousand women, buy cars for the millions of boot-lickers under his heels, reinforce the loyal military forces and still have enough change left to deposit into his numbered Swiss accounts."

Nyerere once more opened his Arusha Declaration booklet, shook his head and muttered; "There is nothing wrong with this manifesto, why did the Tanzanian people chose to trash it? Soon they will all be talking like Banana, Mobutu and Idi Amin .... How I weep for the country!

Extract ID: 5110

See also

Arusha Times, 2005
Page Number: 400
Extract Date: 17 Dec 2005

Sky is the limit for Arusha airport come 2006

Arusha airport, which is currently undergoing major renovations, targets to start handling over 15000 aircraft movements per annum beginning 2006.

The number of passengers using the air terminal is also expected to jump from the 2004 record of 87,252 per year to over 150,000 starting next year.

According to the Arusha Airport manager, Engineer Thomas J. Haule, passenger services charges accounted for 80 percent of the total revenue being earned at the domestic terminal, but the earnings dropped with the falling number of passengers, which had gone down from over 99,000 in 2003 to below 88,000 passengers last year.

Haule explained that the drop was due to decrease in aircraft movements, which had also fallen by 11 percent in a period of five years from over 15,000 in 2000 down to 13,500 over the last year.

The Kisongo-based, Arusha airport used to record an average of 42 aircraft movements a day, as of the year 2000, but in 2004 this fell to an average of only 37 aircraft movements per day.

Haule explained this drop to be a result of deterioration of runway, taxiway and apron pavements that have disabled heavy traffic. Also due to the relocation of the Precision-Air operation hub to Kilimanjaro International Airport and Mwanza, due to the fact that they operate heavy equipment which could not safely continue being handled on the Arusha airport runway.

The manager however pointed out that despite the drop of aircrafts movements at the terminal, the Arusha Airport still ranked second, from Dar-es-salaam airport (now named Mwalimu Nyerere International Airport) in handling the highest number of aircraft in the country and was in third position from Dar and Mwanza airports in terms of passenger traffic.

In the Arusha Airport Master plan, the runway which currently measures 1620 by 15 meters will be extended to the length of 2000 meters and the width of 30 meters, while the pavement strength is to be reinforced so as to handle aircrafts of up to 30 tonnes, like Fokker F28, Dash 8 and ATR 72. Previously, the airport could only handle aircrafts of 7 tonnes maximum.

According to Haule, in order to facilitate rapid movements, a parallel taxiway to runway will also be constructed to enable movement of up to three aircrafts simultaneously.

Also to be increased is the size of the airport's parking apron, to be doubled from the current 9,800 square meters to 22,000 square meters as it is now congested with around 20 aircraft based there.

The Tanzania Airports Authority is financing the rehabilitation of the entire existing runway with a length of 1620 meters and width of 30 meters a project which will cost Tsh. 3 billion and so far Tsh.1 billion has been spent in the ongoing project.

A new terminal building with 1500 square meters is planned and it will house departures, arrivals and business lounges, including an addition 2000 square meters for offices and commercial area.

The airport has acquired more land for this development project, measuring up to 200 acres. A new access road is soon to replace the current one, which is in pathetic shape. This other road will be built along the new perimeter fence being set up to enclose the airport from outside interference.

Extract ID: 5115
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