Name ID 27
Matthiessen, Peter The Tree Where Man Was Born
Page Number: 161
Extract Date: 1972
Ngurdoto, like the famous Ngorongoro, is extinct, and both have the graduated bowl known as a caldera, which is formed when the molten core of a volcano subsides into the earth and the steep crater walls fall inward. Ngorongoro was unknown to the outside world until 1892, and not until early in this century did the white man find this smaller caldera to the east of Meru.
Mount Meru Game reserve contains big and small game of similar character to that found on Mount Kilimanjaro. Lions are numerous.
Momela Farm: a privately owned farm on the Eastern slopes of Mount Meru, thickly forested and dotted about with small lakes, Momela accommodates visitors interested in seeing wild game. ... Reputed to have more rhinoceros to the square mile than any other part of the world.
Turner, Kay Serengeti Home
Page Number: 154
Extract Date: 1958
Bernard Grzimek and his son Michael, were invited by the Board of Trustess, at their own expense, to carry out an aerial count of the plains animals in the Serengeti; to plot their main Migration routes; and to advise on the proposed new boundaries of the Park.
At first the Grzimeks had contemplated buying, as a game sanctuary, part of Momella in Tanzania - a beautiful farm, owned by a German named Trappe. The farm was set amongst forests and lakes at the foot of Mount Meru and overlooked Mount Kilimanjaro to the east. It was a paradise for game, and is now a National Park, 42 square miles in extent. Professor Grzimek sought the advice of Colonel Peter Molloy, the Director of Parks, who suggested that the money be used for a research project in the Serengeti.
Just outside Arusha the delightful crater lake of Duluti offers good fishing and bird watching. More beautiful still, 20 miles away, is the Arusha National Park, a tranquil retreat established in 1960. Within its 46 sq. miles it has three distinct areas: the Mount Meru crater, the Ngurdoto Crater, and the five Momella lakes.
The Momella Wildlife Lodge is on the edge of Arusha National Park. ... The main building was once the home of John Wayne and Hardy Kruger, who used the house while making the adventure film Hatari, and later developed it as a hunting lodge.
Within the 46 square miles of the park, which was known as the Ngurdoto Crater National Park until 1967, are to be found three distinct areas: Ngurdoto Crater, the Momella Lakes and the rugged Meru Mountain. ... this is a park with a difference, as unlike another wildlife area in Africa as it is dissimilar to the National Parks of Europe or America.
Reuter, Henry J. Official Touring Guide to East Africa: 1967 International Travel Year
Page Number: 074
Extract Date: 1967
Having offered this famous trio of Parks, northern Tanzania is by no means done with the tourist. Arusha sits in the shadow of 14,979 ft Mt, Meru, and high up on the mountain is what Sir Julian Huxley has described a "little gem among National Parks." The Ngurdoto Crater National Park is only 20 square miles in area, and has an interesting history.
In the last century, it was a battle ground for rival groups of Masai. Then, in 1907, a German family called Trappe acquired a vast farm on the top of the mountain which, precipitous on one side, is relatively gently sloping on the other and houses a series of lakes in its volcanic depressions.
The Trappe family used the land for ranching for many years. In the 1914-18 war, as Germans they were classified as enemy aliens and the land was confiscated, The whole family moved to South Africa and worked and saved, and later moved back into their old homestead, having purchased back: the 5,000 acres on top of the mountain.
The late elder Mrs. Trappe was a lady of great character. She was the first and only woman to become a professional hunter in East Africa. In 1960 a large part of the Momela estate was made into a game sanctuary. Other members of the family still live in the area.
The Crater National Park is truly a gem. A road has been built to enable the visitor to drive around the lakes, and along the crater rims there are beautiful lockout posts in the forests at which the visitor can picnic and gaze down on the wildlife.
For its area, the Park has more than its share. It is a haunt of large numbers of rhino and hippo; elephant and buffalo frequently cross the trails; giraffe and waterbuck are common and the area is also the haunt of lions, leopards, wild dogs and a host of small game.
Vesey had for some years experimented with an electric fence along the boundaries of the small Ngurdoto National Park (now called Arusha Park).
Jonathan Muhanga had tried one at the boundary of Manyara with Mto-wa-Mbu, but it was David Stevens Babu who got it working.
Turner, Myles My Serengeti Years
Page Number: 197
Extract Date: 1972
In early 1972 I relinquished command of the Serengeti Field Force, and handed over to a citizen Warden. For a few months more I stayed on in an advisory capacity before finally leaving for my new posting in the Arusha National Park. Since I left, 33 non-citizen Rangers and NCO’s of the Field Force have been replaced by citizens, leaving a gap in experience which will be hard to fill.
Turner, Kay Serengeti Home
Page Number: 202a
Extract Date: 1972
transferred to Arusha National Park
"Modern conservationists portray national parks as part of a common world heritage and as essential components of sustainable development. The rules of new 'commons', however, often abrogate existing common property rights. After nearly three hundred years of continuous use, the Wameru people have been denied access to the forests and grasslands of Mt. Meru by the creation of conservation zones. This paper examines the nature of the continuing social conflicts which have resulted from the criminalization of local people's use of the commons. It pieces together the historical use of the area now enclosed by the park, investigates local people's interpretation of and response to the state-initiated regulations, and concludes with the implications for sustainability of the accepted model of national parks in Tanzania and elsewhere."
The starting point for the new face of Arusha
Page Number: 4
Outside Arusha, mainly off the road to Usa River which is halfway between the town and Kilimanjaro International Airport, a number of new facilities have opened. These vary between those that are open for a drop-in meal to those that are strictly for residents.
These facilities provide an ideal escape from the bustle of Arusha and have the added merit of being close to Arusha National Park. They are well worth exploring by tourists and business people who are stuck in Arusha awaiting their next appointments.
Moivaro Coffee Plantation Lodge is the nearest eating place outside Arusha. It is about twenty minutes by vehicle from the Clock Tower. The atmosphere is relaxing and ideal for a family outing from Arusha. The main thatched building which faces Mount Meru, also encompasses the dining room and there is a swimming pool, massage parlour and curio shop.
Another facility close to Arusha is Safari Spa that advertises "Polo in the African sun" and has over 40 horses. Polo is played on the pitch adjoining the spa while "bush polo" is played near Lake Manyara for the richer clients who like to "rough it" in a luxury tented camp. Safari Spa has a restaurant for residents only.
Next on the Moshi Road comes the Mountain Village that has recently been taken over from a tour operator by Serena Hotels, Tanzania’s premier tourism group. The Dik Dik is located located further along just off the Moshi Road int he foothills of Mount Meru near Usa River. Both are open for drop-in meals.
Just beyond the Dik Dik is the residents-only Ngare Sero. Set in lush gardens with crystal-clear springs and mountain streams, the lodge marries a renovated 1900s German home with today’s comforts. It has 200 bird species, trout fishing, Colobus and Sykes monkeys he owner, Mike Leach, also rehabilitated the Arusha Boma. Ngare Sero is highly recommended.
Further along the main Moshi road on the way to Kilimanjaro International Airport comes Mount Meru Game Lodge, just across the Usa River which gives its name to the settlement. Today, the internationally noted game sanctuary contains fewer animals and eventually these will give way altogether to birds that already exist in abundance. Professional hoteliers have been appointed, and the lodge and food are definitely improving.
Directly across the main road is Rivertrees, a charming new addition to the several "escapes" found around Arusha. It has comfortable, self-contained rooms, excellent country food for residents, walks, birdlife, scenery, small mammals and safari prospects that combine to make this a perfect retreat.
On the right just before the Arusha National Park, and despite its misleading name, is MBT (Mountain Bird Trophies) that is a snake-park and chameleon-breeding farm. While many visitors tend to be squeamish about snakes in Africa, around 70 per cent are non-venomous and the guide at the snake park will help you tell one from the other. The chameleons are particularly fascinating, ranging from the giant to the pygmy.
Internet Web Pages
Extract Date: 31 July 2004
A PARTY of sixth-formers has been robbed at gunpoint while on a trip to Tanzania, it emerged today.
The nine pupils, from Wheatley Park School in Oxford, had passports, cash and valuables taken by a group of six men on motorcycles who held up a bus travelling in the Arusha National Park. None of the teenagers were hurt during the incident.
They were accompanied by a teacher from the school and a representative from World Challenge, a company which organises expeditions for schools.
The Foreign Office tells travellers heading for Tanzania that "armed crime is increasing" and warns of "isolated but serious attacks involving expatriates and visitors".
John Mitchell, education spokesman for Oxfordshire County Council, today said: "Oxfordshire County Council has confidence that all its schools make judgements about trips abroad with great care.
Fortunately, incidents such as this are extremely rare and, fortunately, nobody was hurt."
The robbery took place on July 31 between the towns of Moshi and Arusha, near Mount Meru, a 15,000ft peak near Mount Kilimanjaro which the party was intending to climb.
The trip was organised by London-based World Challenge, which was behind just under 300 expeditions for around 3000 students from schools across the UK this summer.
Extract Author: Emanuel Martin
Page Number: 2008 12 16
Extract Date: 16-Dec-2008
I have read through your webpage, and became attracted with the information especially the one related to farming and wildlife conservation activities in Arusha region during the pre independence era of Tanganyika. However I would like to ask you if you have any knowledge regarding the presence of lions in the current Arusha National Park and the surrounding areas. In case your answer is Yes, I would then kindly request you to fill in my questionnaire which I will send it to you after receiving your email address. Otherwise, I am a student doing a research on finding factors regarding local extinction of lions in Arusha National Park.
Thank you for your time and considerations!