Railways

Name ID 514

See also

Iliffe, J.A. Tanganyika under German Rule 1905-1912
Extract Date: 1891

The first railway in the colony

The first railway in the colony was built inland from Tanga after 1891

Extract ID: 1162

See also

Fosbrooke, Henry Arusha Integrated Regional Development Plan
Page Number: 121
Extract Date: 1892

The Baumann Map

Paper IX: Early Maps of East Africa

Only a small portion of this map, which accompanied Dr. O Baumann's book "Durch Masailand zur Nilquelle" is reproduced. This map is of value as being the first drawn from personal observation. For Baumann actually travelled through the country, instead of relying on second hand accounts for his map making.

Of particular interest is his proposed Railways, running from southern slopes of Mount Meru, past the northern tip of Lake Manyara, and then south of the southern edge of a misshaped Ngorongoro. The line then proceeds across the Serengeti, south of Duvai (Olduvai) and Lake Ndutu and thence to Lake Victoria. This railway project has been discussed from time to time in the ninety years since it was first mooted. It is fervently hoped that the present discusions will be equally prolonged, until the planners come to realize that such a project would not only be an ecological crime but an economic absurdity.

Extract ID: 3220

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xx
Extract Date: 1893 May 30

Construction begins of the Central Railway

Chief Engineer Bernhardt arrives at Tanga and begins construction of the Central Railway.

Extract ID: 27

See also

Map and Guide to Tanzania
Page Number: 06f

the country's infrastructure

Under the first appointed Governor General, von Liebert, the country's infrastructure was organised with administrative centres, schools, hospitals and other social facilities and roads, ports and Railways.

The l,250km long Central Line (Mittelland Bahn) between Dar es Salaam and Lake Tanganyika surveyed in 1894 was started in 1906, reached Tabora in 1912 and Kigorna in February 1914. The Usambara railway linking Tanga to Moshi (Nord Bahn) was built to develop trade with the northern plantations and was completed in 1911.

After that and until the outbreak of World War I, attention turned towards agriculture with the development of cotton, coffee, sisal and rubber plantations.

With the introduction of the railway network the Asian merchants consolidated their trade by installing themselves all over the interior of the country.

Extract ID: 4028

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1896 April 1

Tanga-Muheza section of the Central Railway commences

The Tanga-Muheza section of the Central Railway commences operation

Extract ID: 1222

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1897-1903

Railway is completed to Korogwe

..the Tanga Railway is completed to Korogwe.

Extract ID: 1223

See also

Iliffe, J.A. Tanganyika under German Rule 1905-1912
Extract Date: 1898

to Kilimanjaro and Meru

European agriculture accompanied it inland, reaching East Usambara in the early 1890s, West Usambara in 1898, and the great mountains - Kilimanjaro and Meru - shortly before the rebellion

Extract ID: 1164

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1899 April 7

'Usambara Linie'

The German Government, the DOAG, and the 'Usambara Linie' railway company sign an agreement whereby Berlin acquires the railway and its assets for 1,300,000 marks

Extract ID: 1225

See also

Iliffe, J.A. Tanganyika under German Rule 1905-1912
Extract Date: 1905

It reached Mombo

It reached Mombo, below the foothills of Usambara, in 1905.

Extract ID: 1163

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1905 April 6

The German government founds Company to operate the Tanga line

The German government founds the German Colonial Railway Construction and Administration Company to operate the Tanga line.

Extract ID: 1224

See also

Iliffe, J.A. Tanganyika under German Rule 1905-1912
Extract Date: 1911 February

Settlement?

In practice, what mattered was not the Colonial Secretary's public statements with regard to settlement, but his administrative decisions on the problems which it presented. The first of these was the northern railway. When Dernburg conceded the building of the line from the River Pangani to Moshi, he insisted that this must be the terminus.

Right- wing opinion disagreed. In February 1911 the Colonial Society petitioned the Reichstag for extension to Arusha, and in July it revived the old idea of a line to Lake Victoria. Rechenberg had long opposed these views, but Lindequist accepted the Arusha line in principle, a decision which was to bind his reluctant successor.

Extract ID: 1155

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1912 February 7

extension to Moshi officially opens

The Tanga Railway's extension to Moshi officially opens.

Extract ID: 1226

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1919 April 1

British civil administration assumes responsibility

British civil administration assumes responsibility for all mainland Railways.

Extract ID: 1227

See also

Arusha: A Brochure of the Northern Province and its Capital Town
Page Number: 20
Extract Date: 1920-29

Railway Annual revenues

Annual revenues pounds

1920 108,000

1921 157,000

1922 197,000

1923 223,000

1924 238,000

1925 333,000

1926 388,000

1927 461,000

1928 581,000

1929 704,000

projected

1939 2,500,000

'if we pull together'

Advertisment

Extract ID: 1229

See also

Gordon-Brown, G (Co-Editor) The Year Book and Guide to East Africa (1927)
Extract Date: 1929

The extension of the railway from Moshi to Arusha

The extension of the railway from Moshi to Arusha was completed in 1929. [the line from Tanga to Moshi was started in 1891 by the Germans and completed in 1911].

Extract ID: 53

See also

Arusha: A Brochure of the Northern Province and its Capital Town
Page Number: 00
Extract Date: 1929

Arusha: A Brochure of the Northern Province and its Capital Town

Front Cover

Published on the occassion of the opening of the Railway on 5th December 1929, by His Excellency Sir Donald Cameron, K.C.M.C., K.B.E., and to commemorate the First Session of the Legislative Council of the Tanganyika Territory at Arusha.

Extract ID: 15

See also

Arusha: A Brochure of the Northern Province and its Capital Town
Page Number: 16a
Extract Date: 1929

Arusha Railway. Bridging the Tengeru River

Extract ID: 3409

See also

Arusha: A Brochure of the Northern Province and its Capital Town
Page Number: 19
Extract Date: 1929

Settlement and Projected Railways

Although the areas immediately around Kilimanjaro and Meru are fairly well settled, it is by no means closely settled and there are still areas unused and which may become available for alienation.

There are however, definite areas open to settlers in the "Ufiome Triangle" and Mbulu, and these areas are fast becoming settled. There is little doubt that at no distant future these districts will be served by a railway connecting Arusha with the Central Line.

Arusha, there is little doubt, will not remain the railhead for any great period. Government have in view a connection with the Central Line, but whether this projected line will run via Mbugwe, Kondoa Irangi and Dodoma or via Mbugwe, Singida and Manyoni, is at present not decided on. Gen. Hammond and the General Manager of the Tanganyika Railways recently discussed the projected line with local public bodies who were in favour of the latter route.

In either case the projected line will tap the rich "Ufiome Triangle" and the highlands west of the Rift Valley escarpment. Fifty to Sixty farms have been taken up in recent years in the sub-district of Mbulu, both above and below the escarpment.

There is also under consideration a branch from the Moshi-Arusha line to Engare Nairobi on the western slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro, and such line it is hoped, will later be joined with the Kenya and Uganda Railway near Kajiado, thus shortening the north and South route considerably and making direct communication with the Kenya capital.

Extract ID: 21

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xxii
Extract Date: 1929 December 13

The Moshi-Arusha portion is opened

The Moshi-Arusha portion of the Tanga Railway is opened to traffic.

Extract ID: 1228

See also

Green, Geoff Capital Capers
Page Number: 05

East African Railways and Harbour Board

Extract ID: 3357

See also

Marsh, R.J. & E.P. Photos of Arusha Environs
Page Number: 011


Extract ID: 3877

See also

Nelson, Christopher Photos of Arusha
Extract Date: 1960

Railway Bridge

over the Tengeru River, below Makumira

Extract ID: 5872

See also

Official website of Tanzania Railways Corporation
Page Number: 1
Extract Date: 2002

Railway Network

A = Central Line

B = Tanga Line

C = Link Line

D = Mwanza Line

E = Mpanda Line

F = Singida Line

G = Kidatu Line

Extract ID: 3516

See also

Official website of Tanzania Railways Corporation
Page Number: 2
Extract Date: 2002

Arusha Station

General Information

Arusha Municipality is at the terminus of the Tanga Line, to the west of Tanga. It is the administrative headquarters of Arusha Region, situated at the foot of Mount Meru, the second tallest mountain in Tanzania next to the Kilimanjaro. Arusha is the hub of the northern tourist circuit of Tanzania, offering regular tours to Ngorongoro Crater, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Serengeti National Park, Soronera, Lake Manyara National Park, etc. Furthermore, Arusha is on the Great North Road, midway from Cape to Cairo; and is host to the prestigious Arusha International Conference Center as well as the headquarters of the East African Community.

Railway History and Operations.

Construction of the 86.08 km Moshi-Arusha railway extension of the Tanga Line starting at Moshi in 1911 and reaching Arusha in 1929. The railway distance from Arusha to Tanga and Dar es Salaam is 437km and 644km respectively.

Main features at Arusha include:

Arusha Railway Station including passenger and parcels terminal Goods Shed for consigning and receiving goods.

Other attractions include:

Easy access to the world-famous national parks of Ngorongoro, Serengeti, Manyara, etc.

Modern conference facilities at The Arusha International Conference Centre

Headquarters of the East African community

Extract ID: 3515

external link

See also

Internet Web Pages
Extract Author: MOHAMED ISSA MOHAMED
Extract Date: 24 Dec 2007

Tanzania’s northern rail route to be revamped

The East African

Tanzania’s scenic northern railway lines linking the rich hinterlands of Arusha and Moshi to the port of Tanga is to be revived.

This is contrary to earlier reports that the firm would shut down the route, said the firm’s managing director, Narsimhaswami Jayaram.

However, heavy maintenance and a complete overhaul of some of the sections on the stretch will have to be done.

Mr Jayaram said a survey conducted recently showed that the ageing railway is in dire need of refurbishment.

“The tracks are in a very poor condition,” he said.

He added that the Tanga line is an important route for transport of minerals and cement and will be improve and rehabilitated alongside the entire railway.

The line used to ferry coffee and tea exports from Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions to Tanga. It has many rail sidings that link the Tanga port with factories, flour mills and a city-based industrial area, Gofu.

The sidings ease transportation of raw materials imports such as coal and clinker for the Tanga Cement factory and bulk grain for Pembe Flour Mills.

It is an integral part of a rail-marine transport corridor; Tanga-Arusha-Musoma-Port Bell/Jinja (Uganda) currently being initiated by the East African Community.

The 437-kilometre railroad was built by the Germans a century ago and has never been renewed.

Tanzania Railways will replace the defective portions of the line and deploy new coaches, wagons and locomotives. Passenger and cargo trains schedules are expected to start mid next year.

Tanzania’s entire rail network is about 2,600km long. The central line runs from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma, and the Tanga line from port town to Moshi.

The central line has further branches, including one to Lake Victoria, where it connects with the Uganda Railway through wagon ferries.

From the Tanga line, a connection goes north to Kenya, terminating at Taveta.

Tanzania Railways Ltd (TRL) is a partnership between India’s Rites consortium and a state-owned Reli Assets Holding Company. It started managing the country’s railway in October.

Rites has bought 51 per cent of the shares of the phased-out Tanzania Railways Corporation, while the government of Tanzania retains the remaining 49 per cent.

TRL will run the rail under a 25-year concession under the supervision of the Surface and Marine Transport Regulatory Authority.

The World Bank recently disbursed a $33 million loan for the initial rehabilitation of the railroad and rolling stock, which comprises 90 locomotives, 1,280 freight wagons and 110 passenger coaches.

Tanzania has two railway systems. The other one is the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority, which runs 1,860 km from Dar es Salaam to Kapiri Mposhi in northern Zambia.

Extract ID: 5469
www.nTZ.info