Historical Dictionary of Tanzania

Historical Dictionary of Tanzania

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger

1997

Reviews

Review of the first edition by Darch (entry no 152) says:

"Part of a much-criticized series which will eventually cover all the countries of Africa. Apart from the alphabetically-arranged entries which constitute the body of the work, this volume includes such extras as lists of the sultans of Kilwa (with no indication that the chronology has been the subject of much debate), of the sultans of Zanzibar, the Governors of German-East Africa, and the consuls-general of and residents in Zanzibar. There is also a general chronology, a brief introduction, and a detailed bibliography organized by subject (p. 256-331). The level of historical analysis in the main entries is not of the highest order. Kurtz describes the Zimba as 'not a tribe but a way of life'; indeed, she uses the concept of the 'tribe in an uncritical and at the same time inconsistent way throughout the work - the Zaramo, for instance, 'do some Makonde carvings [ ]'. She accepts colonialist terminology - the Mbunga 'were pacified by the German administration'. As with other works in the series, there are no sources given for individual entries, and there is no systematic cross-referencing. Contemporary political economy is given undue emphasis for a supposedly historical work - there are numerous entries on such modern figures as Oscar Kambona, Rashidi Kawawa and Bernadette Kunambi."

Book ID 202

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Extract Date: 1997

professor of political science

Dr. Yeager is professor of political science and adjunct professor of African History at West Virginia University.

Extract ID: 1271

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Extract Date: 1997

senior analyst

[Ofcansky, Thomas P] is currently senior analyst for East Africa in the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency.

Extract ID: 1218

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997

DOAG

Deutsch-Ostafrikanische Gessellschaft - German East Africa Company

Extract ID: 1188

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997

LEGCO

LEGislative Council

Extract ID: 1210

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997

TT

Tanganyika Territory

Extract ID: 1258

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 101
Extract Date: 1905

refugees and Maji-Maji

Supported schemes to establish Afrikaner refugees from the South African Boer War and poor Germans from Russia on the foothills of Mount Meru.

Gotzen refused to allow European settlers to buy their farms until the land had been cultivated. He is best remembered for his brutal supression of the Maji-Maji Rebellion. While fighting the rebels, Gotzen implemented a scorched-earth policy in southern GEA which caused the destruction of a region the size of Germany. During this campaign more than 100,000 men, women and children died as a result of famine and disease.

Extract ID: 1200

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 21
Extract Date: 1959

Population

Population 10,000

Extract ID: 12

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 21
Extract Date: 1964 January 21

Mutiny

The Second Battalion Tanganyika Rifles also mutinied in Tabora.

Extract ID: 1250

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 21
Extract Date: 1964 January 25

Marines land at Dar es Salaam

600 British Marines landed at Dar es Salaam and quickly restored order.

Extract ID: 1251

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 21
Extract Date: 1977

Population

Population 100,000

Extract ID: 13

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 21
Extract Date: 1988

Population If it reflects Tanzania's 11 percent average annual rate . . .

Population 134,708.

If it reflects Tanzania's 11 percent average annual rate of urbanisation, Arusha's population may have exceeded 350,000 by the early 1990's.

Extract ID: 14

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 35
Extract Date: 1916-1961

Administrators

Administrators

1916-20 Sir Horace Archer Byatt

Governors

1920-24 Sir Horace Archer Byatt

1925-31 Sir Donald Charles Cameron

1931-34 Lieut-Col Sir G.S.Symes

1934-38 Sir H MacMichael

1938-41 Sir Mark A. Young

1941-45 Sir Wilfred E.F. Jackson

1945-49 Sir William D Battershill

1949-58 Sir Edward Francis Twining

1958-61 Sir Richard Turnbull

Extract ID: 1382

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 35

Britain - Tanzania Society

Created Jan 75. Has a bulletin about three times a year. 1995 had 600 members in UK and 200 in Tanzania.

Extract ID: 29

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 97
Extract Date: 1885-1888

GEA Administrator

[Peters, Dr. Karl] GEA Administrator

Extract ID: 1221

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 97
Extract Date: 1888-1891

Commissioner

[von Wissmann, Captain Hermann] GEA Commissioner and Military Commander (Jan to Feb 1891)

Extract ID: 1268

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 97
Extract Date: 1891 - 1893

Governor

[von Gotzen, Count Adolf] GEA Governor

Extract ID: 1267

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 98
Extract Date: 1893 - 1895

Governor

[von Schele, Colonel Friedich] GEA Governor

Extract ID: 1266

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 98
Extract Date: 1895-1896

Governor

[von Wissmann, Captain Hermann] GEA Governor

Extract ID: 1269

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 98
Extract Date: 1896-1901

Governor

[von Liebert, General Eduard] GEA Governor

Extract ID: 1263

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 98
Extract Date: 1901-1906

Governor

[Gotzen, Count Adolf von] GEA Governor

Extract ID: 1199

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 98
Extract Date: 1906-1912

Governor

[von Rechenberg, Baron Albrecht] GEA Governor

Extract ID: 1265

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: 98
Extract Date: 1912-1918

Governor

[Schnee, Heinrich] GEA Governor

Extract ID: 1232

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xiv

IBEAC

Imperial British East Africa Company

Extract ID: 1205

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xix
Extract Date: 1864 August 31

Representatives of the UMCA arrive in Zanzibar

Bishop William G. Tozer and Dr. Edward Steere, the first representative of the UMCA, arrive in Zanzibar.

Extract ID: 1260

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xix
Extract Date: 1879 December 25

Telegraphic cable from Aden to Zanzibar

Eastern Telegraph Company completes a telegraphic cable from Aden to Zanzibar. Two days later, telegraphic communication is established between Zanzibar and Europe.

Extract ID: 1274

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xix
Extract Date: 1884 November 4

arrives in Zanzibar

[Peters, Dr. Karl] arrives in Zanzibar.

Extract ID: 1220

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xix
Extract Date: 1885 May 1

Sir Lloyd W. Mathews

Sir Lloyd W. Mathews, with a 180-man force, travels from Zanzibar to the interior and claims a protectorate for Zanzibar at Mount Kilimanjaro.

Extract ID: 1212

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xvii
Extract Date: 1000 BC

Original Khoi-San hunters and gatherers are disturbed

Original Khoi-San hunters and gatherers are disturbed by pastoral Cushistic migrations from Ethiopia.

Extract ID: 1202

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xvii
Extract Date: 1000-1300

Bantu Settlements predominate in Western Tanganyika

Bantu Settlements predominate in Western Tanganyika, with a mixture of Bantu, Cushitic and Nilotic peoples occurring in the central and northern areas.

Extract ID: 1204

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xvii
Extract Date: 1500 July 26

Pedro Alvares Cabral arrives

Pedro Alvares Cabral, in command of six Portuguese ships, arrives at Kilwa.

Extract ID: 31

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xvii
Extract Date: 1502, July 14

Vasco da Gama pays a second visit to Kilwa

In command of 10 ships, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama pays a second visit to Kilwa and, on behalf of Portugal, imposes liability to tribute.

Extract ID: 1185

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xvii
Extract Date: 1505 July 24

Francisco de Almedia storms Kilwa

Francisco de Almedia, in command of eight Portuguese ships, storms Kilwa and subsequently begins construction of a fort.

Extract ID: 1187

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xvii
Extract Date: 1700-1850

Pastoral Maasai peoples expand into northern Tanganyika

Pastoral Maasai peoples expand into northern Tanganyika and dominate large areas of the eastern Rift Valley, highlands and plains.

Extract ID: 1211

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xvii
Extract Date: 0-1000 AD

In-migration of West African Bantu-speaking agriculturalists begins.

In-migration of West African Bantu-speaking agriculturalists begins. Arab and Persian merchants create settlements in coastal and offshore island locations.

Extract ID: 1203

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xviii
Extract Date: 1837 March 17

A US consulate opens in Zanzibar

A US consulate opens in Zanzibar

Extract ID: 1273

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xviii
Extract Date: 1848 May 11

Rebmann first sights Mount Kilimanjaro.

Johannes Rebmann, a European missionary, first sights Mount Kilimanjaro.

Extract ID: 1230

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xviii
Extract Date: 1852

trading centre is established at Tabora

An Arab trading centre is established at Tabora in central Tanganyika.

Extract ID: 1235

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xx
Extract Date: 1888 September 3

The IBEAC receives a royal charter

Extract ID: 1206

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xx
Extract Date: 1893 May 30

Construction begins of the Central Railway

Chief Engineer Bernhardt arrives at Tanga and begins construction of the Central Railway.

Extract ID: 27

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1894 December

The IBEAC is bought out by the British government

Extract ID: 1207

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1896 April 1

Tanga-Muheza section of the Central Railway commences

The Tanga-Muheza section of the Central Railway commences operation

Extract ID: 1222

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1897-1903

plantation initiated.

... plantation of Sisal, Coffee and rubber is initiated.

Extract ID: 1234

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1897-1903

Railway is completed to Korogwe

..the Tanga Railway is completed to Korogwe.

Extract ID: 1223

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1899 April 7

'Usambara Linie'

The German Government, the DOAG, and the 'Usambara Linie' railway company sign an agreement whereby Berlin acquires the railway and its assets for 1,300,000 marks

Extract ID: 1225

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1905 April 6

The German government founds Company to operate the Tanga line

The German government founds the German Colonial Railway Construction and Administration Company to operate the Tanga line.

Extract ID: 1224

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1907

first civilian governor

[von Rechenberg, Baron Albrecht]... GEA's first civilian governor

Extract ID: 1264

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1912 February 7

extension to Moshi officially opens

The Tanga Railway's extension to Moshi officially opens.

Extract ID: 1226

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1916 September 4

British forces occupy Dar es Salaam

Extract ID: 1186

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1919 January 31

Civil administrator

[Byatt, Sir Horace] becomes civil administrator of the territory occupied by British troops.

Extract ID: 30

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1919 April 1

British civil administration assumes responsibility

British civil administration assumes responsibility for all mainland Railways.

Extract ID: 1227

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1919 May 7

Versailles peace talks

The Supreme Council at the Versailles peace talks allocates all of GEA to the UK under mandate. Belgium, which still occupies Ruanda-Urundi, protests the decision.

Extract ID: 1236

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1919 May 31

UK cedes the Ruannda-Urundi to Belgium

To prevent a rift between the two nations, the UK cedes the Ruannda-Urundi portion of GEA to Belgium

Extract ID: 1237

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1919 June 28

Germany renounces all claims

Germany renounces all claims to GEA.

Extract ID: 1238

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1920 January 10

Tanganyika Territory

GEA renamed Tanganyika Territory (TT)

Extract ID: 1240

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1921 March 21

Belgium cedes Kigoma District

Belgium cedes Kigoma District to Tanganyika Territory

Extract ID: 1239

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1921 July 23

Indian rupee

The Indian rupee ceases to be legal tender in TT.

Extract ID: 1241

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1922 January 1

East African shilling

The Metallica Currency Ordinance establishes the East African shilling as legal tender in TT.

Extract ID: 1242

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxii
Extract Date: 1922 June 16

Slavery outlawed

Colonial authorities enact the Involuntary Servitude (Abolition) Ordinance, which outlaws Slavery throughout TT.

Extract ID: 1243

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxii
Extract Date: 1923 April 1

taxes

British Authorities impose African hut and poll taxes..

Extract ID: 1244

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxii
Extract Date: 1929 December 13

The Moshi-Arusha portion is opened

The Moshi-Arusha portion of the Tanga Railway is opened to traffic.

Extract ID: 1228

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxii
Extract Date: 1939 September 3

Detention

The British Authorities detain all German Nationals and place their assets under a custodian.

Extract ID: 1245

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxiii
Extract Date: 1959 July 17

'Zinjanthropus'

Louis and Mary Leakey discover 'Zinjanthropus' at Olduvai Gorge.

Extract ID: 1275

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxiii
Extract Date: 1961 December 9

full independence

TT gains full independence from Great Britain.

Extract ID: 1246

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxiii
Extract Date: 1962 December 9

republic

Tanganyika becomes a republic.

Extract ID: 1247

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxiv
Extract Date: 1964-1966

foreign policy difficulties

Tanzania experiences foreign policy difficulties with West Germany over an East German presence in Zanzibar, and with the US over an alleged plot to overthrow the Tanzanian government.

Extract ID: 1254

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxiv
Extract Date: 1964 January 20

mutiny

The First Battalion of the Tanganyika Rifles mutiny in Dar es Salaam for higher pay and the dismissal of their expatriate British Officers. The government requests British troops to help quell the rebellion.

Extract ID: 1248

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxiv
Extract Date: 1964 April 26

Tanganyika and Zanzibar unite

Republic of Tanganyika and People's Republic of Zanzibar unite to form United Repubic of Tanzania and Zanzibar.

Extract ID: 1249

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxiv
Extract Date: 1964 October 29

The country is renamed

Following consultations, the country is renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.

Extract ID: 1253

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxvii
Extract Date: 1990 August 1

big game hunting

As part of an effort to encourage foreign-exchange earnings from tourism, Tanzania rescinds a 17-year ban on big game hunting and permits limited shooting between August and November. Prohibitions remain in place against hunting elephant, lion and rhinoceros.

Extract ID: 1255

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxviii
Extract Date: 1992 March 5

lifts its ban on elephant hunting

Tanzania lifts its ban on elephant hunting

Extract ID: 1256

See also

Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania, 1997
Page Number: xxviii
Extract Date: 1993 November 28

bans tree harvesting

The Tanzanian government bans tree harvesting on Mount Kilimanjaro to save Africa's highest peak from environmental degradation.

Extract ID: 1208
www.nTZ.info